Individuals Who Created the Nazi Germany

Russian dictator Joseph Stalin used to say that “every calamity has the first and a last name”. Consequently, although literally millions contributed to the establishment of the Third Reich, the following individuals essentially created the Nazi Germany:

  1. Adolf Hitler (of course). Nazi Germany was essentially the creation, the brainchild, the “baby”, the invention, if you will of one genius (no doubt about that) individual. Adolf Hitler.
  2. Hitler’s political heroes and role models who provided the foundations for his pan-German nationalist, racist and anti-Semitic views: Dr. Leonard Pötsch (his history teacher at school), Georg Ritter von Schönerer and Dr. Karl Lueger (Austrian nationalist politicians). It was Dr. Lueger who practically openly preached the necessity of physical extermination of the Jews which Hitler and the Nazis decades later implemented as the Holocaust.
  3. Captain Karl Mayr who in summer of 1919 hired Adolf Hitler as a Reichswehr propagandist charged with indoctrinating the Army soldiers and officers with the nationalist and anti-Marxist ideology. And thus essentially launched his career as an enormously efficient public speaker and agitator. It was Captain Mayr who ordered Hitler to join DAP – then tiny and obscure Bavarian nationalist political party and thus launched Hitler’s career as a politician. He also obtained financing from Reichswehr that was crucial for the survival and growth of NSDAP
  4. Anton Drexler, who (together with Karl Harrer, Gottfried Feder and Dietrich Eckart) on January 5th, 1919 founded the German Workers’ party (DAP) which soon became NSDAP – the Nazi Party
  5. Dietrich Eckart – a German journalist, highly successful playwright, poet, and politician (and of DAP founders). He was the original publisher of the Nazi Party newspaper – the Völkischer Beobachter. It was Eckart who convinced Adolf Hitler of his messianic mission and introduced Hitler into powerful and influential German circles thus providing Hitler with the vital political and financial support. He also heavily influenced the formation of Hitler’s ideology by introducing him to Alfred Rosenberg (the future chief NSDAP ideologue) and to the works of Houston Stewart Chamberlain.
  6. Heinrich Himmler who created the SS – one of the key components (if not the key component) of Nazi civilization. And essentially “the state within a state”
  7. Karl Marx – the founder of Marxism that became the foundation for the Bolshevist ideology (and thus for the existential threat to Germany, Europe and the whole Western civilization). Nazis were the only political force capable of winning the existential war with Bolshevism which became a major factor for their coming to power in 1933. Karl Marx was a Jew – the fact which contributed heavily to Nazi (incorrect) perception that Marxism and Bolshevism were a global Jewish conspiracy and that they have been fighting an existential war with the “Jewish race”. Which ultimately led to persecution of Jews and to the Holocaust – a monstrous and horrible crime against humanity
  8. Matvei Golovinski – a Russian-French writer, journalist and political activist – and the author of the infamous Protocols of the Elders of Zion. This fraudulent document reinforced Nazi belief that they have been fighting an existential war with the “Jewish race”. Which led to horrific and murderous consequences
  9. Arthur Zimmermann, a Staatssekretär (i.e. a top level civil servant) in the Foreign Office of the German Empire. He was dumb enough to send the infamous Zimmerman Telegram to the German ambassador to Mexico, Heinrich von Eckardt. This telegram proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico in the prior event of the United States entering World War I against Germany and thus became the trigger for the US entry into the Great War on the Allied side. Which gave the Allies the decisive advantage over the Central powers and within eighteen months led to the defeat of Germany in World War I. This defeat radically changed the situation in Germany and ultimately paved the way for Nazi coming to power.
  10. Vladimir Lenin and other founders of the Bolshevik party. Which ultimately came to power in Russia (via violent but relatively bloodless coup) and thus created an existential threat to Germany, Europe and the whole Western civilization. Nazis were the only political force capable of winning the existential war with Bolshevism which became a major factor for their coming to power in 1933. Lenin had a quarter of Jewish blood in him and several founders of the Bolshevik party (Martov, Axelrod, Dan, etc.) were Jewish. This fact contributed heavily to Nazi (incorrect) perception that Marxism and Bolshevism were a global Jewish conspiracy and that they have been fighting an existential war with the “Jewish race”. Which ultimately led to persecution of Jews and to the Holocaust
  11. Leon Trotsky who was the leader of the successful Bolshevik coup that brought the latter to power in October 1917. He was the author of the idea of the “permanent revolution”, the Defense Minister in the Bolshevik government and the commander-in-chief of Bolshevik armed forces in the Soviet-Polish war of 1919-1920 – the first Bolshevist attempt to occupy and conquer Europe. Consequently, he became directly associated with the existential Bolshevist threat. Trotsky was a Jew which further reinforced Nazi (incorrect) perception that Marxism and Bolshevism were a global Jewish conspiracy and that they have been fighting an existential war with the “Jewish race”. Which ultimately led to persecution of Jews and to the Holocaust
  12. Grigory Zinoviev – the Russian Bolshevik leader and the leader of Comintern – the international Communist organization established by the Russian Bolsheviks with but one fundamental objective – invade, occupy and destroy the whole human civilization and transform it into a global Communist state. Nazis reacted to this in a very predictable way (especially given the fact that Zinoviev was a Jew). This existential threat provided Nazis with an extremely powerful drive that ultimately brought them to power and led to the persecution of Jews and the Holocaust
  13. Other Russian Bolshevist Jewish leaders – Kamever, Sverdlov, Nogin, larin and others. For the same reasons. Although non-Jewish leaders contributed heavily to making the Soviet Russia the existential threat to Germany, Europe and the whole Western civilization. With predictable consequences
  14. Joseph Stalin who led and managed the whole project of “Bolshevization” of the whole human civilization. In other words, of its transformation into a global Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. And thus became the personification of the existential threat to the global human civilization.
  15. Paul von Hindenburg – then President of the Weimar Republic who on January 30th 1933 appointed Hitler as Reich Chancellor and on February 28th, 1933 signed the “Reichstag Fire Decree” (Decree for the Protection of People and State). The first action brought Hitler to power; the second essentially gave him the absolute power (although formally he got the latter only after von Hindenburg signed the so-called Enabling Act on March 24th, 1933).
  16. Marinus van der Lubbe – a Dutch Communist, pyromaniac and a convicted arsonist – who on February 27th, 1933 started the Reichstag Fire and thus paved the way for Adolf Hitler and the Nazis to obtain absolute power in Germany (which they did less than a month later). Consequently, the decision of the city government of Leiden (his hometown) to name a street after him and create his memorial rather strange (to put it mildly)


The Blutfahne

BFNazis viewed Germany as one giant army engaged in an existential war with the “alien races”. And each organization (first and foremost, Nazi Party organization) as a military unit of this gigantic army. Consequently, it is no surprise that just about every major organization in Germany was supposed to have its own flag (banner) and even its own uniform.

The objective of each flag (emotionally and spiritually powerful symbol) was to unite the members of the organization in question (and the Germans in general), instill in them loyalty and obedience to this organization (and to the whole Nazi party, Nazi state and its Führer), genuine love for “all of the above” and inspire them to make the maximum contribution to the German victory in this existential war – by doing everything possible (and even humanly impossible).

Every flag was a sacred object, but the most sacred of these objects was undoubtedly the Blutfahne – the “Blood Flag”. This flag was carried during the failed Beer Hall Putsch in Munich, Germany on 9 November 1923, during which it became soaked in the blood of one of the SA men who died.

The flag was that of the 5th SA Sturm (company), which was carried in the march towards the Feldherrnhalle. When the police fired on the Nazis, the flagbearer Heinrich Trambauer was hit and dropped the flag. Andreas Bauriedl, an SA man marching alongside the flag, was killed and fell onto it, staining it with his blood.

Not surprisingly, it subsequently became one of the most revered objects of the Nazi Party and of the whole Third Reich. The Blutfahne was used in ceremonies in which new flags for party organizations were consecrated by touching the Blood Flag. Given the fact that Nazis sincerely believed in essentially magical properties of the Aryan blood, it was essentially a deeply occult ceremony.

In 1926, at the second Nazi Party congress at Weimar, Hitler ceremonially bestowed the flag on Joseph Berchtold, the then head of the SS. The flag was thereafter treated as a sacred object by the Nazi Party and carried by SS-Sturmbannführer Jakob Grimminger at various Nazi Party ceremonies. When not in use, the Blutfahne was kept at the headquarters of the Nazi Party in Munich (the “Brown House”) with an SS guard of honor.

The Blutfahne was last seen in public at the Volkssturm induction ceremony on 18 October 1944. This ceremony was conducted by Heinrich Himmler and attended by Wilhelm Keitel, Heinz Guderian, Hans Lammers, Martin Bormann, Karl Fiehler, Wilhelm Schepmann and Erwin Kraus.After this last public display, the Blutfahne vanished. Its current whereabouts are unknown.


Wewelsburg: The Mittelpunkt der Welt Estate

MTWThose involved in Himmler’s “Mittelpunkt der Welt” project nicknamed it “Himmler’s Vatican”. Which was totally appropriate, because the complex to be created around Wewelsburg was to become the center for the “artgemäße Religion” (an “appropriate religion”).

Religion that was radically different from Christianity – apparently the “inappropriate” religion. Inappropriate for Germans that is.

Plans for a truly enormous estate included an 18-meter wall in the shape of a 3/4 circle. This wall was supposed to be 860 meters in diameter and include eighteen massive towers with everything centered around the North Tower of the Wewelsburg castle. According to Wiligut, the actual center of the world was located in the center of a circular North Tower.

Plans for the estate called for the building of a wide road that was to connect the castle with the Rhynern – Kassel Reichsautobahn (freeway) thus creating a gigantic spear with the road as its shaft, the castle as its head and the North Tower as its tip.

The plans also included a “Hall of the High Court of the SS”, streets, parkways, magnificent buildings, a villa colony for higher SS-leaders, the SS barracks, a dam with a power plant, freeway accesses and even an airport.

It was estimated that it will take 20 years and 250 million marks to build the whole complex. The surrounding area (the Wewelsburg village) was supposed to be flooded and villagers resettled (most likely, on the territories annexed from Poland).


The Swastika

SWThe Swastika is undoubtedly the most emotionally and spiritually powerful symbol of the XX century – far more powerful than any other well-known symbols (all developed by totalitarian regimes) – the SS runes, the Balkenkreuz, the Red Star, the Red Banner and Hammer & Sickle. And the only explanation for this phenomenon is supernatural.

Prior to its adoption in 1920 by the Nazi Party (and personally by Adolf Hitler) as their fundamental symbol (in the Hakenkreuz version), swastika was (although widely used) a relatively obscure symbol. Which projected little spiritual power.

The right-facing swastika (the one that Nazi used) was a sacred symbol in Hinduism and Jainism; however, it could be found all over Europe, Asia and Africa – in Ukraine, England, Bulgaria, Armenia, Scandinavia, Egypt, India, China, Russia, etc. Consequently, some historians consider it a genuine “symbol of the universe”.

In different cultures and religions it has different meanings – from simply “good fortune” to thunder, the Sun, Eternity, Eternal Light and even God. Interestingly enough, it was not an uncommon Christian symbol where it was perceived as a hooked version of a Christian cross.

Some Christian churches built in the Romanesque and Gothic eras are decorated with swastikas. Swastikas are prominently displayed in a mosaic in the St. Sophia church of Kiev, Ukraine dating from the 12th century.

They also appear as a repeating ornamental motif on a tomb in the Basilica of St. Ambrose (one of the most influential ecclesiastical figures of a Christian Church) in Milan.

In Poland, Russia and other East European nations, the swastika was popular with nobility (especially with the last Russian Empress Alexandra Feodorovna who placed it where she could for happiness and good luck).

It was printed on some banknotes of the Russian Provisional Government issued in 1917 and of the Soviet Government in Russia issued in 1918-1922). In 1919 it was approved as insignia for the Kalmyk formations (who practiced Buddhism), and for a short period had a certain popularity amongst some artists, politics and army groups. In 1918, Finnish Air Force (and the whole Finnish military) adopted a blue swastika as their emblem.

But still the swastika was not nearly as powerful and influential as it became after it was officially adopted by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party as their emblem, as their most fundamental spiritual symbol.

Which, actually, was a natural and logical choice. First, NSDAP (at that time still DAP) was founded by Thule Society that had a swastika (albeit with rounded corners) as its emblem. It was also extensively used (as a symbol of an Aryan race) on the pages of Ostara magazine that Hitler read on a regular basis during his life in Vienna in 1908-13.

Second, members of Freikorps units brought by the Thule Society to crush the Bavarian Soviet Republics (and who subsequently joined the Nazi SA in droves) painted swastikas on their helmets and vehicles.

However, Adolf Hitler did not just simply adopt swastika as the official symbol of NSDAP. He used is as a searchlight-style tool to project power. His own power, the power of his party, of the German nation, of the whole Aryan race – and the power of the Almighty Providence.

The power of the omnipotent entity that sent him to unite the German nation into Ein Volk, Ein Reich, right the wrongs of the Versailles Treaty, avenge the humiliation of Germany, restore German power, honor and glory and – what was the most important by far – to fight and win the existential war with Bolshevism and thus save Germany, Europe and the whole Western civilization from being destroyed by this existential threat.

He used the swastika as an instrument, a portal, a gateway to instill fear in his enemies and courage, confidence, determination, dare and faith (and, of course, unquestionable and unconditional obedience and loyalty to him personally) in his followers – in all Germans, in fact.

And fill them with boundless energy and enthusiasm to do seemingly impossible (even unthinkable), overcome seemingly insurmountable obstacles and do what needs to be done to transform Germany into a political, economic and military superpower. And into the genuinely happy nation.


The Nazis & the Supernatural

As I mentioned earlier, Nazi Germany was a deeply mysterious civilization. And in the modern world, wherever there is such a deep and large-scale mystery, there is always talk about supernatural. Especially where there is a radically different “alien” civilization.

Therefore, it is no surprise that there is a tremendous interest in the relationships between the Nazis (the Nazi civilization as a whole and individual Nazis such as Heinrich Himmler) and the supernatural. In other words, between the Nazi world and the invisible, intangible world of spiritual forces and entities. Consequently, I have no other choice but to write this chapter and include it into this guide.

Relationships between humans and supernatural world (real or imagined) take several forms – religion (monotheistic or polytheistic/pagan), mysticism and the occultism – occult beliefs and practices.

Therefore, the first important step in investigating relationships between Nazis and the supernatural (what they did and did not believe in and what they did and did not do) is to explain the difference between these three. Which is not always easy because these three systems of beliefs and activities do overlap.

Religion by definition requires not only a more or less extensive and structured system of beliefs in supernatural deities (God or gods), but a process of systematic process of worshipping these deities.

This process includes both doing something from these deities and trying to get them something do something for the followers of the religion in question. And includes a system of shrines, dedicated priesthood, religious services and other religious rituals/ceremonies.

Nazis had none of the above. Some of them (actually, a lot of them) were Christians (Catholic or Protestants), some were atheists or agnostics, some practiced pagan religions (Western or Eastern), some (like Adolf Hitler) were theists that believed in abstract God (e.g. Providence) but there were no deities specific to national-socialism.

And no shrines, dedicated priesthood or religious services. Consequently, whatever national-socialism was in the religious sense, it was NOT a religion.

Occultism is different from religion because it is a belief in spiritual entities (or even forces), not deities and in a direct communication between a human being and these entities.

Consequently, it does not need (and does not have) shrines, dedicated shrines or priesthood, formalized (structured) religious services or rituals. Instead, it uses occult practices such as astrology, numerology, magic, alchemy, extra-sensory perception (ESP), clairvoyance, spiritualism, divination, etc.

Although some occultists claim to serve certain spiritual entities or forces by performing certain divine Missions, these practices are typically used to make these entities do something for the occultists. In other words, practitioners of occult try to make these forces serve their purposes.

However, occult practices typically require mediums (intermediaries between the physical and spiritual worlds) who are essentially quasi-priests (or quasi-priestesses), spiritual séances who are quasi-religious ceremonies and often take place in specific dedicated places (quasi-shines). Consequently, occultism is essentially a quasi-religion (ersatz religion).

With the exception of several individual Nazis (e.g. Rudolf Hess), Nazis did not practice astrology, numerology, alchemy, extra-sensory perception (ESP), clairvoyance, spiritualism or divination. Neither did they explicitly practice magic.

However, thy did have (or believed that they have) certain relationships with the invisible, intangible entities such as “nation”, “race”, “blood” and did (at least implicitly) perform certain rituals that can be classified as occult.

Consequently, Nazis did have some occult beliefs and were somehow involved in some occult practices (which essentially makes national-socialism an ersatz religion). I will cover both in the subsequent sections of this chapter and Nazi quasi-religion in a separate chapter.

Mysticism is, by definition, the quest for secret (sometimes even “forbidden”) knowledge (using “natural” and “supernatural” means) and subsequent utilization of this knowledge to achieve certain objectives (individual or political).

Which means that Nazis were, indeed, some pretty serious mystics who used mostly natural but sometimes supernatural (“occult”) means to obtain the secret knowledge (and thus power) that they needed to achieve their political and even military objectives.


Raison d’être and Legacy of the Third Reich

Raison d’être of the Third Reich was to save Germany, Europe and the whole human civilization from being conquered, occupied and destroyed by the Soviet Union led by the “Red Emperor” Joseph Stalin and replaced with the alternative civilization – the global Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. This noble mission was successfully accomplished – the existential war was won.

However, while Adolf Hitler and the Nazis correctly identified the Stalinist Soviet Union as the existential threat to Germany, Europe and the whole human civilization (i.e., the source of this threat), they completely misunderstood the nature of this threat as well as the nature of this existential war.

This tragic misunderstanding (which, alas, was not an honest mistake) created a very powerful and very deadly synergy with deep and formidable feelings of fear, hatred and pride (three deadly sins).

Feelings that Adolf Hitler and the Nazis simply could not control. Instead, they let these feelings control them – with ultimately disastrous (and even fatal) results.

This enormously powerful and extremely toxic synergy made Adolf Hitler and the Nazis commit mass murders – war crimes and crimes against humanity – arguably the most horrible in the history of mankind. These crimes had a highly negative effect on military capabilities and became an important reason why the Third Reich lost the Second World War.

Adolf Hitler created a unique government system – Führerstaat (State of the Führer) where all strategic decisions were made by one individual – The Führer – who made them based mostly on intuition.

Unfortunately for the Nazis, this system had a number of key flaws. Although Adolf Hitler possessed enormously powerful intuition (which resulted in the whole series of genuinely brilliant political, economic and military victories), he did not develop powerful enough system for information processing to support (and properly feed) his intuition.

Neither did he develop a system that would have prevented him from making wrong strategic decisions (“blunder prevention system”). Consequently, when the system that he had to manage became too complex (after the invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941), he inevitably started to make disastrous strategic mistakes – which ultimately led to the defeat in World War II, demise of the Third Reich and his suicide.