Ahnenerbe (II)

Ahnenerbe was founded on July 1st, 1935 by Heinrich Himmler, Richard Walther Darré (Reichsminister of Food and Agriculture, believe it or not) and one Herman Wirth. Initially it was an independent organization, but in 1939 it was incorporated into the SS system.

Obviously, it were not his agricultural duties that made Dr. Darré to become one of the founders of Ahnenerbe. On 1 January 1932, Reichsführer-SS Himmler promoted him to the rank of SS-Gruppenführer (two-star general) and appointed him chief of the newly established SS Race and Settlement Main Office (RuSHA).

The infamous RuSHA (not to be confused with RSHA – Main Security Office of the Third Reich established seven years later) was charged with implemented racial policies of the SS (and subsequently the government of the Nazi Germany).

Among its other duties, RuSHA was responsible for a “proper” racial education of SS members. In other words, for brainwashing the latter with genuinely outrageous racial beliefs and dogmas of the Nazis.

To make these beliefs more respectable and, yes, believable, RuSHA (and personally Dr. Darré) needed at least some scientific proof of the validity of the latter. Consequently, he was the primary customer of Ahnenerbe “research”.

However, it was the third founder of Ahnenerbe – Dr. Herman Wirth – that created the legend of a mysterious, mystical and occult Ahnenerbe organization.

Herman Wirth was a Dutch-German historian and scholar of ancient religions and symbols (and a committed Nazi) which made him an ideal candidate as the co-founder and research director of Ahnenerbe.

What made him a bad candidate for this position, were his lavish spending habits (which already bankrupted one organization) and his deep belief in Atlantis and similar occult staff.

Himmler was seriously involved in the occult (his quest for the Holy Grail and for the Codex Aesinas and his activities at Wewelsburg Castle prove it beyond the reasonable doubt).

However, for him Ahnenerbe had one and only one purpose – provide solid scientific proof for the Nazi racial beliefs and dogmas. Which left no room for extravagant occult theories of Dr. Wirth.

And, of course, money was always an issue – in mid-thirties Himmler had access to only very limited funds. So after Herman Wirth made a fatal mistake by enraging Hitler himself with his a speech at the Reichsparteitag (Nazi party congress), SS Reichsführer decided that he had enough and promptly deposed Wirth as president of the Ahnenerbe.

He replaced Wirth with Walther Wüst – a genuine scientist (Indo-Europeanist and Vedicist) from the University of Munich. The key reason for choosing Wirth was the rare ability of the latter to simplify science for the “common man” (i.e. the members of the SS).

Ahnenerbe was a huge organization – it ultimately included over thirty (!) institutes that conducted research in such diverse areas as history, philology, culture, linguistics, jurisprudence, folklore, philosophy, architecture, landscape, biology, geology, entomology, astronomy, botany, genetics, speleology, medicine and military technologies.

It organized an impressive number of scientific expeditions – to then-Finnish Karelia, Germany (Jutland Peninsula, Baden-Württemberg and Mauern caves in Franconia), France, Sweden, Tibet, Poland, then-Russian Crimea (where Himmler intended to set up a huge German colony), Ukraine and even to New Swabia in Antarctica.

Contrary to a very popular misconception, there was nothing mysterious (or occult) about their expeditions to Tibet or Antarctica (or any other places for that matter). In Tibet, Ahnenerbe team had three objectives – purely scientific, propaganda and military.

The scientific objective was to develop a complete (“holistic’) scientific record of Tibet, through a synthesis of geology, botany, zoology, and ethnology. The propaganda objective was to find the proof for Nazi racial theory that a group of pure-blooded Aryans once had settled in Tibet. The military objective was to investigate the possibility of establishing the region as a base for attacking the British troops stationed in India.

The main purpose of the New Swabia expedition was to find an area in Antarctica for a German whaling station, as a way to increase Germany’s production of fat (and thus radically decrease its dependence on imports).

Whale oil was then the most important raw material for the production of margarine and soap in Germany and the country was the second largest purchaser of Norwegian whale oil, importing some 200,000 metric tons annually. Another goal was to scout possible locations for a German naval base – to establish control over the coast of South America.

While scientific and military results of these expeditions were mixed, propaganda ones were a dismal failure. Expeditions uncovered precisely zero proof for Nazi racial theories. For a very simple reason of course – there was no such proof in the first place, because these theories were a total bunk.

Although Ahnenerbe initially was not a criminal organization (and for the most part managed to stay that way), it eventually did get involved in criminal activities (like many other organizations in Nazi Germany).

In 1943, Wolfram Sievers (managing director of Ahennerbe since 1935), was appointed director of the Institut für Wehrwissenschaftliche Zweckforschung (Institute for Military Scientific Research).

The institute (established on Himmler’s orders) conducted extensive experiments in Dachau concentration camp using human subjects in such deadly environments as vacuum chambers, freezing water and the like.

It was also involved in assembling the so-called “Jewish skeleton collection” by murdering eighty-six Jewish men and women as well as in experiments with gunshot wounds and mustard gas.

Not surprisingly, after the war (at the so-called Doctors’ Trial) Sievers was found guilty of crimes against humanity (mass murder, actually) and executed by hanging on June 2, 1948, at Landsberg Prison.

His assistant Sigmund Rascher was arrested by the Gestapo, tried by the infamous People’s Court, found guilty of theft, murder of his former lab assistant, and scientific fraud and executed by firing squad on 26 April 1945 in Dachau – three days before the camp was liberated by Americans. Who would have hanged him anyway.

Another his associate – August Hirt – performed experiments with mustard gas on inmates at the Natzweiler-Struthof concentration camp and played a lead role in the murders of 86 people at Natzweiler-Struthof for the Jewish skeleton collection – committed suicide on June 2nd, 1945 thus escaping trial for his crimes.

As all other SS organizations, Ahnenerbe ceased to exist after the demise of the Third Reich and unconditional surrender of German Armed Forces. Like Himmler’s quest for the Holy Grail and his other occult activities (with possible exception of what was going on in Wewelsburg castle), Ahnenerbe project was a colossal waste of money, time, manpower and other precious resources.

Which contributed to the defeat in World War II and to the ultimate demise of the Third Reich.

However, the idea of an SS research institute was actually not a bad one. But it should have focused on an entirely different objective (ironically related to one of the racial objectives of the SS and of the Nazi Party).

This objective was to develop the “nation of Gods”. In other words, to re-create the “Godlike race” that according to (erroneous) Nazi beliefs once existed in mythical places such as Atlantis, Hyperborea, etc.

While it is obviously impossible to transform Homo Sapiens into Gods, it is possible to make humans radically more efficient by making them uncover, activate and use their full creative and productive potential.

Currently we use about 5% of this potential (if that). Consequently, increasing this efficiency to 50% (which is very much possible) will transform us into beings that some might consider “Godlike”.

The “transformation tools” have been developed millennia ago (by Western and Eastern monks, hermits, mystics and the like)… and have nothing to do with eugenics, selective breeding and other bio-nonsense. These tools involve meditation, physical exercise, prayer and similar techniques.

Had Himmler and the SS concentrated on this objective (rather than on their insane racial dogmas) – and pursued the corresponding “secret knowledge and skills” (instead of something that simply never existed), the outcome of World War II (and the fate of Nazi Germany) could have been very different.

Ahnenerbe (I)

AhnenerbeThere are two common misconceptions about the Ahnenerbe (“Ancestral Heritage”) institute, often (incorrectly) considered one of the most mysterious Nazi organizations.

Some consider it a legitimate scientific research institution. Others claim that this was only a cover for its true purpose – research in the occult and the supernatural forces that could be used for political and especially military purposes. Stills others believe that it was a bit of both.

In reality, it was neither. Ahnenerbe (more precisely, Forschungs- und Lehrgemeinschaft des Ahnenerbe – Research and Teaching Society of the Ancestral Heritage) was the propaganda tool for the SS (mostly) and for the Nazi Party.

Its objective was to find (or manufacture – if nothing could be found) historical evidence that would support outlandish racial claims and beliefs of the Nazi ideology.

While Ahnenerbe “scholars” were rarely guilty of outright fraud (i.e. manufacturing historical proof) they were almost always culpable of totally bogus interpretations of uncovered historical facts (which was even worse than making unsubstantiated racist claims).

There are two ways to conduct legitimate scientific research. You can start with collecting data that you will then structure and analyze trying to come up with a theory that will explain the collected data.

Or you can start with the theory (hypothesis) and then collect and structure data to see whether they prove or disprove your theory.

Ahnenerbe “scholars” did neither. They were given (by their boss Heinrich Himmler) the theory – presented as the Absolute Truth and were required to find the data that would support this theory. Or, more precisely, make the data fit the theory with whatever means necessary. .

That, of course, was neither science nor even a pseudoscience. That was outright scientific fraud. And there was nothing mystical or mysterious about it. Nothing at all.

Himmler’s Quest for the Holy Grail

GrailThe Holy Grail (more accurately, the Holy Chalice) is the cup which (according to the Gospels) Jesus Christ used at the Last Supper to serve the wine. According to the medieval legend, this cup was subsequently used to collect Christ’s blood that was shed on the cross (after he was pierced with the Holy Lance).

Some historians claim that because Jesus and his disciples were not exactly wealthy (to put it mildly) the cup was obviously made of wood and consequently could not have survived for two millennia.

Others contend that Jesus had some wealthy admirers (e.g. Joseph of Arimathea who is actually a perfect candidate) who could have provided (and did provide) even a golden cup for ceremonial purposes. Consequently, it is possible that the Holy Chalice did, indeed, exist. Maybe still does.

It is also possible that someone (most likely, the same Joseph of Arimathea) brought the cup to Golgotha precisely to collect blood of Jesus that he believed to be sacred (in other words, to have spiritual powers).

Because of this belief, some Christian mystics (and many occultists) believe that the Holy Chalice was imbued with supernatural (magical) powers.

In the ersatz-religion of national-socialism, blood (explicitly or implicitly) had spiritual (to Himmler – even magical) powers as well. He also believed (as did many of the leading Nazis) that Jesus Christ actually was not Jewish, but of an Aryan stock.

Given the fact that it is highly problematic to even try to establish the nationality of the Son of God (and that eventually Christianity became religion of Gentiles), that belief was as good as any.

Consequently, Himmler considered the Holy Chalice to be an occult artifact that possessed some serious magical powers. And given the belief that it was in contact with a sacred blood of the Son of God, he considered these powers sufficient to bring Germany victory in World War II (and in the whole existential war) and subsequently world domination.

Therefore, it is not surprising at all that SS Reichsfuhrer spend considerable amount of money, time and other resources attempting to find the Holy Grail.

For this project he initially commissioned one Otto Rahn – a colorful character (he is considered as the inspiration behind the famous Indiana Jones character), a German historian, archaeologist, medievalist, Ariosophist who at that time despite his young age was considered a leading authority on Holy Grail.

From an early age, he became interested in the legends of Parzival, the Holy Grail, Lohengrin and the Nibelungenlied. While attending the University of Giessen, he was inspired by his professor, Baron von Gall, to study the the Cathar heresy and the Albigensian Crusade of the Holy Roman Catholic Church.

Rahn wrote two books (published in 1933 and 1937, respectively) linking Montségur and Cathars with the Holy Grail (which meant that the former was the right place to look for the latter).

Rahn argued that there was a direct link between Wolfram von Eschenbach’s Parzival and the Cathar Grail mystery. He believed that the Cathars held the answer to this sacred mystery and that the Holy Grail was hidden somewhere beneath the mountain peak where the fortress of Montségur is located – the last Cathar fortress to fall to Catholic Crusaders.

Rahn’s books attracted Himmler’s attention and somehow convinced him that Otto Rahn – if provided with adequate support from the SS – will be able to find the Holy Grail for him.

So he made Rahn an offer the latter simply could not refuse. To continue his research, he needed money – and a lot of it. For some unknown reason (probably to have a better control over Rahn), Himmler made him join the SS without usual careful vetting.

This decision turned out to be a huge mistake because Rahn was homosexual and half-Jewish. It was inevitably discovered and contributed to subsequent downfall and suicide of Otto Rahn.

Rahn predictably failed to find the Grail and after running out of money, had to return to Berlin empty-handed. This failure delivered a devastating blow to his self-esteem, he started to drink heavily and after a drunken homosexual scrape was assigned (as punishment) to guard duty at the Dachau concentration camp.

Brutality that he witnessed on a daily (if not hourly) basis and inability to do the only thing that he loved – historical research – made him resign from the SS. Which did not help much – in March of 1939 he committed suicide (or was murdered on Himmler’s orders).

This failure, however, did not stop the Reichsfuhrer. After carefully studying Richard Wagner’s opera Parsifal (some historical research), he came to a conclusion that Holy Grail was hidden not at Montségur (as Rahn had claimed), but at famous Montserrat Abbey near Barcelona. And decicded ot take this matter (apparently vitally important to him) into his own hands.

In 1940, Himmler accompanied Hitler on his trip to Spain (Führer unsuccessfully tried to convince Spanish dictator Francisco Franco to enter World War II on the German side). He visited the abbey and asked Andreu Ripol Noble – at the time the only German-speaker in the abbey to help him with his quest for the Holy Grail.

However, he came back from Montserrat empty-handed. Most likely, because the Holy Grail was simply not there. And for a very good reason – if it was not lost during the first turbulent centuries of the Christian Church (which was highly likely), it was most probably taken to Rome which soon became the global capital of the Christian Church and possibly is still hidden there (maybe even in the Secret Archives of the Vatican).

After his failure in Barcelona (and because Germany was fighting a war), Himmler apparently decided that he had no time, money or other resources to spare on this quest. So he made no new attempts to find the Holy Chalice.


Tacitus’ Germania and the Codex Aesinas

CodexCodex Aesinas is believed to be portions of the Codex Hersfeldensis – the only copy of a very short book (brochure, actually) titled Germania. It was written around 98 AD by Publius Cornelius Tacitus – one of the greatest Roman historians.

Germania is basically a research paper (written by a professor, not by a student, of course) that paints a comprehensive picture of a German society of that time. What was very important, the society created by Germanic tribes that resided outside the borders of the Roman Empire – in other words, an alternative society to the Roman one.

German nationalists (and later the Nazis) found the picture painted by Tacitus very attractive. So attractive, in fact, that it became the foundation for the vision of an “ideal German society” that they preached and intended to transform into reality.

Christopher Krebs, a professor at Stanford University, even claimed that Germania played a major role in the formation of the core concepts of Nazi ideology (which some historians dispute). The Jewish-Italian historian Arnaldo Momigliano even listed Germania “among the most dangerous books ever written”.

It is a fact, however, that Heinrich Himmler in September 1924 read Tacitus during a train ride and was captivated. Later he wrote in his personal diary:

Tacitus captured the glorious image of the loftiness, purity, and nobleness of our ancestors,” adding, “Thus shall we be again, or at least some among us.”

At some point during the collapse of Roman Empire the text of the Germania was lost for more than a thousand years. It resurfaced only briefly, in Fulda, Germany in the 860s, where it and the other short works were probably copied. A monk at Fulda quoted from it verbatim at the time. Subsequently it was lost again.

Sometime around 1451 an emissary of Pope Nicholas V discovered the manuscript containing Germania in Hersfeld Abbey – an important Benedictine imperial abbey in the town of Bad Hersfeld in Germany and brought it to Rome (consequently, the manuscript is known as the Codex Hersfeldensis).

The Codex Hersfeldensis was then lost again – for good. This time, of course, the content survived in published form. Then, in 1902, a portion of the Codex Hersfeldensis was rediscovered by priest-philologist Cesare Annibaldi in the possession of Italian Count Aurelio Balleani of Iesi – the province of Ancona in Marche, Italy. Not surprisingly, this manuscript became known as Codex Aesinas.

Apparently, Himmler believed that this manuscript possessed some serious magical powers because for eight years (!)  he has been unsuccessfully trying to lay his hands on the manuscript.

In 1936, Himmler convinced Adolf Hitler (who did not display much interest in such ancient history of German tribes) to ask Mussolini to transfer the manuscript to Germany. Mussolini agreed, but changed his mind when the proposition turned out to be unpopular among the Italians (and Count Balleani just flatly said “No”).

The latter only allowed (after years of pressure) to make a facsimile copy of the manuscript (which was promptly sent to Berlin) and allowed German historians to study the manuscript itself in Rome.

It was studied by Rudolph Till, chairman of the Department of Classical Philology and Historical Studies at the University of Munich, and a member of the (in)famous Ahnenerbe organization.

However, Himmler was not satisfied. He wanted the original manuscript, apparently believing that it was some kind of a grimoire – the book timbued with magical powers.

So when Mussolini was overthrown in July of 1943 and Northern Italy was occupied by Wehrmacht, Himmler dispatched a special team to find the Codex Aesinas and bring it to Germany.

The unit searched three Balleani family residences in Italy without success. Apparently, Himmler entrusted this task to Ahnenerbe personnel instead of bringing in Gestapo professionals who were much better at conducting a thorough search

Because all that time the manuscript was stored in a wooden trunk bound with tin in the kitchen cellar of one of the residences, the Palazzo on the Piazza in Jesi. Not an impossible hiding place to find for a seasoned professional.

After the war the Balleani family placed the Codex Aesinas in a safe deposit box in the basement of the Banco di Sicilia in Florence (which, alas, was not waterproof).

In November 1966, the city experienced its worst flooding since the 1550s, which caused severe damage to the Codex. Monks at a monastery near Rome skilled in preserving manuscripts succeeded in saving it, though permanent water damage could not be eliminated.

The Codex was sold by the family to the Biblioteca Nazionale in Rome in 1994, where it is currently cataloged as the Codex Vittorio Emanuele 1631.

Nazis and The Spear of Destiny

HLThe Holy Lance, also known as the Holy Spear, the Spear of Destiny, or the Lance of Longinus (named after Saint Longinus), according to the Gospel of John, is the lance that pierced the side of Jesus as he hung on the cross. The popular legend asserts that the lance has supernatural powers and that the one who owns the Holy Lance, has the destiny of the world in his hands.

The Gospel of John (arguably the most mystical of the gospels) states that the Romans planned to break Jesus’ legs, a practice known as crurifragium, which was a method of hastening death during a crucifixion.

Just before they did so, they realized that Jesus was already dead and that there was no reason to break his legs. To make sure that he was dead, a Roman soldier (named in extra-Biblical tradition as Longinus) stabbed him in the side (John 19:34):

One of the soldiers pierced his side with a lance, and immediately there came out blood and water

There have been three or four major relics that are claimed to be the Holy Lance or parts of it (which does say something about the whole thing). Relics are located in Rome, Vienna, Antioch (now the city of Antakya in modern Turkey) and in Echmiadzin (now the Armenian city of Vagharshapat).

The Holy Lance in Rome is preserved beneath the dome of Saint Peter’s Basilica, although the Catholic Church makes no claim as to its authenticity (which was never scientifically tested).

The Armenian Holy Lance is conserved in Vagharshapat – the religious capital of Armenia (in the museum Manoogian, enshrined in a 17th-century reliquary). Again, the authenticity of the lance has never been scientifically tested.

The Antioch lance is generally considered to be a fake. However, in 1098 it did inspire the crusaders to break the Siege of Antioch, secure the city and win the battle. So most likely it was a creative propaganda campaign carried out by one clever monk named Peter Bartholomew.

But it was the Vienna lance that allegedly interested the Nazis (actually, Adolf Hitler himself). It is also the only one that has been scientifically tested (with rather unexpected results).

The spear itself (the spearhead, actually) was found to be made in 7th century A.D. – so it definitely was not the Holy Lance. However, an iron pin – long claimed to be a nail from the crucifixion, hammered into the blade and set off by tiny brass crosses – was found to be consistent in length and shape with a 1st-century A.D. Roman nail…

During the Anschluss, when Austria was annexed to Germany, the Vienna lance was returned to Nuremberg and afterwards hidden. It was found by invading U.S. troops and returned to Austria by American General George S. Patton after World War II.

It has been claimed that Hitler was obsessed with the Spear of Destiny and visited the Imperial Treasury in the Hofburg Palace in Vienna many times during five years he spent there only to look at the lance.

However, even if it is true, it most likely had nothing to do with occult (that Hitler never practiced and at least publicly despised). Hitler was obsessed with Wagner and his operas – and the Spear of Destiny figured prominently in Parsifal – Hitler’s favorite opera.

Still, there is one interesting fact associated with Hitler and the Spear of Destiny. According to the legend, loss of the spear by its owner results in almost immediate death. American Army documents indicate that the spear was found by American officer at approximately 13:30 on April 30th, 1945. Two hours later Adolf Hitler committed suicide in his Führerbunker in Berlin…

The Nazis and the Occult Artifacts

By definition, occult artifacts are man-made objects that supposedly have occult (supernatural) powers. More specifically, these objects, if used “properly” (e.g. in proper occult ceremonies) allegedly provide their owners with supernatural (magical) powers.

There are speculations that some Nazis (first and foremost, SS Reichsfuhrer Heinrich Himmler) were actively hunting artifacts that allegedly (i.e. according to more or less well-known legends) possess occult powers.

Most of these claims are, indeed, speculations because they are not supported by any historical evidence. However, there are three objects that Nazis, indeed, were actively pursuing (one of them successfully). These objects were the Holy Lance (“Spear of Destiny”), Codex Aesinas and, of course, the Holy Grail.


Wewelsburg: The Portal

Every temple is a portal, an “energy channel”. Fir a very simple reason – its primary objective is to provide the worshippers – the followers of a corresponding religion – with certain spiritual energies. Christians call these energies Divine Grace; in other religions they go by a different name.

Adolf Hitler and Heinrich Himmler understood perfectly that to win the existential war (that they incorrectly perceived as the “racial war”) they needed to provide their warriors (and the whole German population) with an abundant supply of powerful spiritual energies.

Actually, the whole ersatz religion of national-socialism (and its enormously powerful and omnipresent propaganda machine) were developed specifically for that spiritual purpose (although they did have other purposes).

However, Heinrich Himmler (somewhat incorrectly, but firmly) believed (possibly being convinced of that by Wiligut) that energies generated by these two appliances are not powerful enough to provide sufficient spiritual fuel for the decisive victory in the existential war.

He believed that only a full-scale religion (that included genuine temples and priest) had the power to provide sufficient energies for a victory in this war. And thus (with the help of Karl Maria Wiligut) began to build such a religion – and the temple.

The latter was supposed to be made by transforming the North Tower of the Wewelsburg castle into an extremely powerful portal, the channel, the generator of extremely powerful spiritual energies.

Due to Hitler’s stop order that effectively terminated the North Tower project and the subsequent defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II, the “Wewelsburg portal” was never completed and put into operation.

Neither Wiligut nor Himmler left behind any blueprints for the “Irmin temple” so we have no idea (and will probably never know) how this portal was supposed to look like.

But when I was standing inside the North Tower crypt in March of 2018 – eighty years after the North Tower project was commenced – I had a clear and unmistakable feeling that something was completed.

Something powerful. And this “something” was working. My first degree in a nuclear physics and when I was standing inside that crypt I felt like I was standing next to the core of a small, but powerful nuclear reactor. The operational nuclear reactor.

It was very unexpected (to put it mildly), but the feeling outside of the castle was very calm, comfortable, peaceful even graceful (i.e., filled with the Divine Grace). Most likely, the source of this feeling was not the castle, but the Catholic church of St. Jodocus that stands about a hundred yards from the castle. Because the feeling inside the castle (and especially inside the North Tower crypt) was entirely different.

I am no stranger to very powerful spiritual experiences (the ones in St. Paul Cathedral in London and in the Basilica of Sacred Heart in Paris were extremely powerful) but none of these experiences were nowhere as powerful (militantly powerful, actually) as the one that I had inside the North Tower crypt at the Wewelsburg castle.

The feeling that the portal, the energy channel was working. Not at full power, obviously, but still working. And it is very much possible, that (although it did not help the Nazis win World War II), it still helped them win the existential war and thus save Germany, Europe and the whole Western civilization from being conquered and destroyed by the Bolsheviks and replaced by an alternative civilization – the global Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

And I had another feeling – also quite powerful. The feeling that if (or when) Germany, Europe and the whole Western civilization faces the existential threat again, someone will complete the transformation of the North Tower in Wewelsburg (albeit most likely, into a very different temple).

Which will provide the new defenders of the Western civilization with all spiritual energies they need to win this existential war and save “all of the above” from destruction.