Mainstream historians claim (incorrectly) that the Second World War was about noble and valiant homicide cops (Great Britain, the Soviet Union, the USA and their allies) fighting serial mass murderers – Nazi Germany, Imperial Japan and their allies.
The reality, however, was very, very different. In reality, not two, but six mass murderers were roaming Europe and the Pacific Asia between the end of the First World War and the beginning of the Cold War: Great Britain, the Soviet Union, the USA, Nazi Germany, Imperial Japan and Croatia.
Another mass murderer was Ottoman Turkey (it massacred over 1.5. million Armenians). It operated mostly during the Great War in 1915-16 (although some mass murders were committed before and after that period). Croatia operated in 1941-44 (during the Ustaše regime which killed around 300,000 Serbs).
Most of these serial mass murders (mass murders carried out during long periods of time) were democides. Victims (almost always unarmed civilians) were killed because they belonged to a specific nationality (e.g. Jews, Armenians or Serbs) or a social group (e.g. rich peasants, aristocrats, intellectuals, etc.).
The distinctive feature of a democide is that the victims were killed not for what they did (or did not do), but because of who they were. However, some of the victims were political opponents of the regime in the corresponding country.
The longest active and the most prolific (see below) serial mass murderer was the Soviet Union. It operated for thirty years – from 1917 to 1947. It was definitely the most prolific in terms of giving birth to other serial mass murderers.
While Nazi Germany created just one – Croatia (other allies of the Third Reich were essentially its accomplices), the Soviet Union created at least nine – Communist China, North Korea (the latter is very much active today), Poland, Czechoslovakia and Romania (who in addition to murdering political opponents killed around two million Germans in 1945-1950), Yugoslavia (where victorious Communists massacred their political opponents as well as German and Croatian civilians), North Vietnam, Cambodia (the infamous Khmer Rouge regime) and Communist Cuba.
Nazi Germany operated as mass murderer during World War II – from 1939 to 1945, although the overwhelming majority of victims were killed between June 1941 and March 1945 – during the war on the Eastern front with the Soviet Union and partisans (guerilla fighters) in East European countries.
Imperial Japan operated in this capacity between 1937 (the beginning of the Second Sino-Japanese War) and 1945. The Japanese mass murderers killed about six million (estimates vary from three to ten million) Chinese, Koreans, Malaysians, Indonesians, Filipinos, Indochinese and Western prisoners of war. War crimes historians appropriately call this wholesale slaughter “the Asian Holocaust”.
The United States and Great Britain committed mass murders (by savage aerial bombing) in 1943-45 in Germany and in 1944-45 in Japan (the latter crimes were committed exclusively by the Yankees).
Although some of their victims were “collateral damage” incurred during aerial attacks on military installations and production facilities, the Allies deliberately targeted civilian population. Which made their activities a mass murder indeed.
Nazi Germany committed two mass murders – the Holocaust (extermination of Jews and Roma people in Nazi-controlled Europe) and mass murder of civilians in anti-guerilla warfare on German-occupied territories.
The first mass murder resulted in the estimated death toll of about six million; the second – about four million. Which makes the cumulative number of victims a staggering ten million human lives (another estimate is 11 million).
The Soviet Union in 1917-1947 committed the following horrific mass murders:
- Red Terror during the Civil War in Russia (1918-22) – 1.5 million dead
- Forced Collectivization in the Soviet Union (1929-35) – 700,000 victims
- Holodomor – artificial famine (“Holocaust by hunger”). About two million Ukrainians lost their lives and additional two million perished in other areas affected by the famine – Northern Caucasus, Volga Region and Kazakhstan. Which brings the total death toll to at least about 4 million
- GULag (1930-53) – the immense Soviet system of labor prison camps. About 1.5 million victims (overwhelmingly innocent of any crimes) died during their detention in these camps or right after they were released. Most deaths occurred before or during the World War II
- Great Terror which mostly happened in 1936-38 although some victims were killed before that time period (as early as in late 1920s) or after (even after the end of WW2). About 2 million citizens of the Soviet Union lost their lives
- Deportation of whole nations in the Soviet Union (mostly in 1941-49). About 1.4 million died. Additional 2.5 million died during deportation of innocent German civilians from East Prussia and the Eastern Europe (engineered by Stalin and executed by his puppets in Poland, Czechoslovakia, Romania, etc.)
Which brings the total death toll from mass murders committed by the Bolshevist Soviet Union to a whopping 16.6 million. 50% more than the number of people (innocent civilians) killed by the Nazis.
It is very important to note that ethnic Germans have been brutally murdered by the Soviets and their puppets right when the Nazi leaders have been tried for exactly the same crimes in Nuremberg… by the Soviets.
The Soviet Union established the (initially) puppet Communist regimes in Eastern Europe, Asia and subsequently in Africa and in Central America. Consequently, it would be more than appropriate to add to this (already enormous) death toll the number of innocent civilians killed by these regimes. At least 3 million in Communist China, 1.6 million in North Korea, 2 million in Cambodia, 300,000 in Vietnam, 100,000 in Laos, 100,000 in East Germany, 100,000 in Bulgaria, 100,000 in Yugoslavia, 100,000 in Cuba.
Consequently, the Bolshevist Soviet Union is directly or indirectly responsible for the murder of 23.8 million people about twice as many deaths of innocent civilians (mercilessly murdered by Communists in the Soviet Union and its satellites). In other words, for twice the number of victims of Nazis and their puppet regimes.
British and American mass murderers are responsible for a far smaller death toll – they murdered (by aerial bombardment) “only” 600,000 German civilians and 800,000 Japanese (which results in a combined death toll of 1.4 million).
About eight times less than the German one and seventeen times less than the Soviet one. However, the criminal justice system in civilized nations does not differentiate between a serial killer who killed four victims and the one who killed forty-four.
In both cases, the penalty is exactly the same – death (where capital punishment is on the books and actually administered) or LWOP – life in prison without the possibility of parole.
Consequently, World War II was essentially the war between two teams of serial mass murderers – the team of Jack the Ripper, Andrei Chikatilo and the Zodiac and the team of Fritz Haarmann and Shoko Asahara.
Nowadays, just about everyone associates the ominous term “concentration camp” with the Nazi regime and the Third Reich. Consequently, one of the most popular myths about Nazi Germany is that it had invented the idea of a concentration camp (and the corresponding term).
This is simply not true. Although the Nazis used these facilities on the largest scale (by far) in human history (they had up to 755,000 simultaneous internees in 15,000 concentration camps), it did not invent the idea (or even the term for that matter). And were not the first to use it – again by far.
By definition, concentration camp (more accurately, internment camp) is an incarceration facility modeled after a military camp (and thus uses military-style barracks or tents rather than prison-type buildings).
The fundamental difference between a concentration camp and a prison camp is that it is not a penal institution but is used for preventive detention. In other words, the inmate in the prison is sent there by the verdict issued by a criminal trial (i.e. as a punishment for his or her actions that violate the criminal code of the corresponding nation).
The inmate in the concentration camp is interned there because he or she is determined a security risk by the security service (e.g. political police or the military) – not by the courts. Both, however, can be established as (slave) labor camps where inmates are forced to work for the corresponding government.
Consequently, the Soviet GULAG (again contrary to a very popular misconception) was a system (vast network, actually) not of concentration camps, but of prison camps – because technically inmates were sent there not by the Soviet political police (Cheka, GPU, NKVD or GUGB), but by the courts. Kangaroo courts, that’s for sure, but still formally the courts.
The term “concentration camp” was coined not by a German, but by a Spanish general and government official – Valeriano Weyler y Nicolau, – a Spanish general who served as the Governor General of the Philippines and Cuba. It was in the latter capacity that in 1897 he has established the “reconcentration camps” (as he called them).
General Weyler (of Prussian descent, believe it or not) was appointed Governor General of Cuba for a very specific purpose – to crush the Cuban rebellion (actually, the Cuban War of Independence) that by that time went on and off for thirty years.
Weyler quickly realized that because rebels were (predictably) supported by the local population that had no desire to be part of a Spanish Empire, he had no other choice but to separate the former from the latter thus denying the insurgents access to vital supplies (and the ability to blend in with the civilians).
This “separation” in practical terms meant deportation of all local populations from rebel-infested and subsequent “reconcentration” in “safe havens” (i.e. internment camps) guarded by loyal Spanish troops.
As this “separation” was vehemently opposed (and resisted whenever possible) by Cuban civilians, it was a war crime (crime against humanity), plain and simple. Nevertheless, by the end of 1897, General Weyler relocated over 300,000 locals into areas nearby large cities in Cuba.
Such massive relocation (especially combined with total lack of concern for the welfare of civilians being deported), obviously, resulted in thousands and thousands of deaths (which for all practical purposes was mass murder).
Although initially this deportation (“evacuation”) of local civilians delivered a heavy blow to the rebels, in the end it did not crush the rebellion. First, the Philippines rebelled – which forced Weyler to move his elite troops from Cuba.
Then, Spanish Prime Minister Antonio Cánovas del Castillo was assassinated in June of 1897. Weyler lost his principal supporter in Spain and was replaced in Cuba by the more conciliatory Ramón Blanco y Erenas who promptly ended “separations”.
Which did not help either as in April of 1898 the Spanish-American war broke out. It (quite predictably) resulted in the destruction of Spanish Atlantic and Pacific fleets and in the independence of both Cuba and the Philippines.
General Weyler went on to become the Minister of War in the Spanish government and died peacefully in Madrid on October 20th, 1930 at a ripe old age of ninety-two. He did not see the Nazi reincarnation of his concentration camp idea (but most likely knew about the Soviet one).
Although Valeriano Weyler invented the term “concentration camp”, he was not the first to put the idea in practice. The first concentration camps were established by the United States government in 1830s (a whole hundred years before Dachau) during the genocide (let’s call a spade a spade) of Native Americans in their conquest of the American version of Lebensraum (which in terms of death toll was no better than Nazi Generalplan Ost).
Actually, it was from the Americans that General Weyler learned about the “separation” anti-guerilla strategy (although they did not yet use the term “concentration camp”).
Despite his eventual defeat, Weyler’ “separation” strategy was deemed by the British valuable enough to be extensively used during the Second Boer War in South Africa.
British strategy was far more brutal than the Spanish one as it was combined with the “Scorched earth” policy (which made it an even more monstrous war crime). It included (but was not limited to) systematic destruction of crops, slaughtering of livestock, burning down of homesteads and farms, the poisoning of wells and salting of fields.
It was also far more extensive than the one employed by the Americans in the “Wild West” and by the Spanish in Cuba. For the first time in history of concentration camps, its system of 45 tented camps built for Boer internees and 64 for black Africans covered the whole nation and the first in which some whole regions had been depopulated. Over 26,000 Boer civilians (mostly women and children) died in those camps.
Nazis were not the first German government to establish concentration camps either. Between 1904 and 1907, the Imperial German Army operated concentration camps such as the Shark Island, Swakopmund and Lüderitz Bay camps in German South-West Africa (now Namibia).
Initially established as a tool to suppress the Herero-Nama rebellion, these camps subsequently were transformed into slave labor camps where the natives were forced to work for German military and settlers.
The mortality rate in these camps was horrible – over 50% (some say up to 75%) of inmates eventually died. The total number of victims is estimated of about 25,000.
The closest thing to Nazi concentration camp system was (unsurprisingly) set up in the Soviet Russia less than a year after the Bolsheviks came to power. The first such camps were established in May of 1918 and on July 23rd, 1918, Leon Trotsky – a commander-in-chief of Soviet Armed Forces (and a Jew) signed an order that stipulated that these camps will be used
“to isolate and eliminate class-alien, socially dangerous, disruptive, suspicious, and other disloyal elements, whose deeds and thoughts were not contributing to the strengthening of the dictatorship of the proletariat”
Which for all practical purposes meant that these camps were from the very beginning planned as not just internment camps (or even labor camps) but full-fledged death camps – 25 years before Belzec, Treblinka and Sobibor.
By the end of the Civil War in Russia in 1922, there were 315 such camps in existence – already an extensive system. They ultimately became the core of the infamous GULAG where from four to six million inmates perished.
The ODESSA (Organisation der Ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen – “Organization of Former SS Members”) is a fictitious organization allegedly set up towards the end of World War II by a group of high-ranking SS officers.
Fictitious because that there is not a shred of evidence that such an organization ever existed (only unsubstantiated claims and rumors). This organization became globally known after the 1972 publication of a best-selling novel “The ODESSA File” by Frederick Forsyth and the subsequent (1974) release of an espionage-thriller movie under the same title.
There are three conspiracy theories (setting up any organization is a conspiracy of sorts) about the objectives of ODESSA. The first one claims that this organization was set up only to help the SS officers, Nazi officials and their allies from other nations (Hungary, Croatia, etc.) escape the “victors’ justice” and find sanctuary in Latin America or Middle East.
The second one asserts that in addition to facilitating their escape, it was to provide to support the former SS members, possibly even for the rest of their natural lives.
The third – by far the most audacious conspiracy theory – states that in addition to SS members, ODESSA was supposed to provide sanctuary not only to the members of the SS but also to significant financial assets of Nazi Germany (gold, precious stones, foreign currency, etc.).
Assets that would one day to be used to overthrow the post-war Federal Republic of Germany and to establish the Fourth Reich that will last a thousand years – or even more.
None of these theories is true. For starters, they ignore a well-established fact that the SS members were the most fanatical national-socialists totally and absolutely loyal to Nazi Germany and personally to Adolf Hitler.
They were Nazi fanatics that took the oath to be loyal to the above to their death and – if necessary – willingly and gladly give their very lives for their Nazi Fatherland and for their Führer.
Consequently, for these fanatics even the thought of fleeing Germany (and thus the battlefield) would have been tantamount to high treason and thus simply inconceivable.
Therefore, they started to think about escape and a sanctuary place only after Hitler’s suicide on April 30th, 1945 relieved them from their oath to him personally and the unconditional surrender of Germany ordered by then-commander-in-chief of German armed forces Gross-Admiral Karl Dönitz – of their oath to Nazi Germany.
And the defeat and the devastation of Germany (and the demise of the Third Reich in general and the SS in particular) have been so overwhelming and catastrophic that it is highly unlikely that any of the SS refugees (that included none of high-ranking Nazis – even none of SS generals) ever thought about anything but the personal survival. Let alone about establishing the Fourth Reich.
The issue of missing Nazi gold (and other financial assets) is an interesting question (which I will cover in the very next section), but there is no evidence whatsoever that post-war “German economic miracle” was financed by anything other than the Marshall Plan.
An extensive system of “ratlines” (escape routes for Nazis and Italian, Croatian and fascists fleeing Europe at the end of World War II) did exist – and actually was started in late 1944. There routes did take the Nazis to safe havens in Latin America, Middle East and even such unlikely places as Canada or Australia.
But these ratlines were set up and operated non by Nazis, but by pro-Nazi Catholic priests, religious and other Church officials – often in close cooperation with the officials from Latin American and other destination countries.
The organization that assisted former SS members did exist (actually, it still exists). It is based in Wuppertal (North Rhine-Westphalia) and called Die Stille Hilfe für Kriegsgefangene und Internierte, (“Silent assistance for prisoners of war and interned persons”) or Stille Hilfe, for short.
The organization has garnered a reputation for being shrouded in secrecy and thus remains a source of speculation (and, of course, conspiracy theories). However, it was set up not in 1944, but in 1951 – five years after the end of the war (and after practically all former SS members had already left Europe).
And it was set up not by any SS members, but by a woman – Helene Elisabeth Princess von Isenburg. It was (and still is) a strictly relief organization for arrested, condemned and fugitive SS members.
Former high-ranking Waffen-SS officers did establish an organization (actually, the same year) – Hilfsgemeinschaft auf Gegenseitigkeit der Angehörigen der Ehemaligen Waffen-SS (HIAG) – “Mutual aid association of former Waffen-SS members”).
But it was a lobby group and a revisionist veterans’ organization. Its main objective was to achieve legal, economic and historical rehabilitation of the Waffen-SS. As one of historians put it, “HIAG’s main goal was pensions, not a restoration of the Third Reich”. However, in 1992 it was deemed a threat to German democracy amd banned by the federal government.
Unlike the Thule Society, whose existence was well-documented and was never in doubt, the Vril Society appears to be a completely mythical organization as there is precisely little evidence that it ever existed.
The term “Vril” was coined by one Edward Bulwer-Lytton – an 19th century English novelist, poet, and playwright, politician, historian, and occultist (famous for the phrase he coined “the pen is mightier than the sword”).
In 1871, he published (at the time anonymously) the novel titled “Vril, the Power of the Coming Race” (better known as simply “The Coming Race”). Which became an instant worldwide bestseller.
The novel describes the subterranean race of humanoids that call themselves “Vril-ya” and live in the society based on the utilization of an essentially omnipotent energy called Vril which can be used for just about any purpose – from destruction to healing.
Vri-ya can master the use of this energy through training of their will by using meditation and other spiritual and physical exercises.
The powers of the Vril included the ability to heal, change, and destroy beings and things; the destructive powers in particular were powerful, allowing even a few young Vril-ya children to destroy entire cities if necessary.
The author warned that in time the Vril-ya will run out of habitable space underground and will claim the surface of the Earth, destroying mankind in the process, if necessary (hence the “coming race” in the book title).
Although the author never positioned his book as anything other than pure fiction; however, some theosophists, notably Helena Blavatsky, William Scott-Elliot, and Rudolf Steiner, believed that the book contained some occult truth (e.g. the existence of the Vril energy).
In their best-selling allegedly non-fiction 1960 book, French journalists and writers Louis Pauwels and Jacques Bergier claimed (without providing any supporting evidence) that that a secret Vril Society existed in Weimar Berlin and even significantly influenced the Nazi party and Adolf Hitler personally.
However, in 1996, the German historian Peter Bahn discovered an obscure esoteric society calling itself the “Reichsarbeitsgemeinschaft” (Reich Working Group). The society revealed itself in a no less obscure 1930 publication Vril. Die Kosmische Urkraft (“Vril, the Cosmic Elementary Power”).
The 60-page book written by a member of this Berlin-based group, under the pseudonym “Johannes Täufer” (“John the Baptist”). Published by the influential astrological publisher, Otto Wilhelm Barth (whom Bahn believes was “Täufer”), the book said little of the group other than that it was founded in 1925 to study the uses of Vril energy.
Also, there were unconfirmed rumors that Heinrich Himmler tasked his mysterious Ahnenerbe society with the search of the “Hammer of Gods” (“Thor’s Hammer”) which he believed to be the “energy weapon” that really existed (and was described as something very similar – if not outright identical – to Vril).
And although the true purpose of the redesign of the North Tower of Wewelsburg Castle is still unknown, there is some speculation that it was to develop some sort of the “energy portal” that could be used to get access to “cosmic energies” that could have been the used for military purposes.
The best-known conspiracy theory is arguably the one that claims that Adolf Hitler did not commit suicide in his Führerbunker on April 30th 1945 (Nazi UFOs is actually an urban legend, not a conspiracy theory).
According to this theory, Hitler and his wife, Eva Braun, survived, escaped the city of Berlin and subsequently lived in hiding either in Europe (Germany, Switzerland, Spain, etc.) or in Latin America (e.g. Argentina).
Like many other conspiracy theories, this one is based on an indisputable fact that there is no physical evidence (i.e. confirmation by DNA analysis) that Hitler has, indeed, died in the abovementioned place on the abovementioned date.
A skull fragment with a bullet hole, found outside Hitler’s bunker and kept in Russia’s federal archives in Moscow, was for decades believed to be that of Hitler. However, in 2009, samples of the skull were DNA-tested at the University of Connecticut by archaeologist and bone specialist Nick Bellantoni and was found to be that of a woman aged under 40.
True, jawbone fragments and two dental bridges were found near the Führerbunker in early May of 1945. They were shown to Hitler’s dentist, Hugo Blaschke; dental assistant Käthe Heusermann; and longtime dental technician Fritz Echtmann, who confirmed the dental remains found were Hitler’s and Braun’s
However, every homicide detective knows that there is a serious problem with witnesses. They lie. Hence, the belief that these objects did, indeed, belong to Adolf Hitler and his wife is based on the words of two committed Nazis who had no love for the Allies and had no incentive to tell the truth.
Recently, a team of French pathologists was allowed to inspect a set of teeth kept in Moscow that were allegedly recovered in Berlin in the same place as the previous objects in early May 1945 — the first time that Russian authorities had allowed anyone to examine the remains in over 70 years.
The teeth matched descriptions provided by Hitler’s dentist and revealed no trace of meat — consistent with the fact that the Führer was vegetarian. Unfortunately, all that this study was able to prove is that the owner of the teeth in question has not consumed meat in a long time – a very common situation is starving 1945 Berlin.
Descriptions also mean little – you need X-rays at least and ultimately the DNA test (comparison with the DNA provided by relatives of Adolf Hitler). Which is the only incontrovertible evidence that the remains in question, indeed, belong to the individual in question.
The DNA test was never done so there is no physical evidence whatsoever that support the conclusion that Hitler and Eva Braun have committed suicide in Berlin on April 30th, 1945.
It appears that the Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin was unimpressed with both the evidence and the witnesses’ statements, because until his very death he both privately and publicly stated his opinion that Hitler did not commit suicide, but escaped and was now living in hiding.
His opinion was first publicly announced by Marshall Georgy Zhukov at a press conference in Potsdam on June 9th, 1945 on direct orders from Soviet leader, Joseph Stalin.
It is also an indisputable historical fact that by the end of April, 1945, Alois Hudal and other priests and officials of the Holy Roman Catholic Church (of all organizations) have already established an efficient system of “Ratlines” – escape routes that allowed Nazis and other fascists to flee Europe and find sanctuary in Latin America, Australia, Canada and the Middle East.
However, there is enough circumstantial evidence that the “mainstream” theory is true and correct and Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun did, indeed, commit suicide in the Führerbunker on April 30th 1945.
First, although some witnesses do lie, too many witnesses produced too similar and too detailed accounts of Hitler’s suicide for them being just an elaborate lie intended to cover up Hitler’s escape from Berlin.
Second, by April 30th the Führerbunker area was so tightly encircled by the Red Army and the fighting was so intense that no one is known to have escaped the area (or Berlin for that matter). Everyone trying to do so was either killed or captured.
And given the fact that by that time Adolf Hitler was in such a bad health that it would have simply physically impossible to survive the escape attempt – even if had, indeed, attempted an escape.
Which he hadn’t – for two fundamental reasons. First, he did not have to because just two days earlier he had a perfect opportunity to escape by flying “the last plane from Berlin”.
In the evening of April 28th, 1945, a daredevil test pilot Hanna Reitsch took off in a two-seater Arado 96 aircraft from an improvised airstrip in the Tiergarten near the Brandenburg Gate taking with her Generalfeldmarschall Robert Ritter von Greim who has just been appointed commander-in-chief of Luftwaffe by Hitler.
Hanna Reitsch offered to take Hitler with her to fly him to safety, but he flatly refused saying that he will either win or died with his loyal soldiers in Berlin. His sense of honor (and, believe it or not, he had one) did not allow him to abandon and thus betray his troops.
But it was more than just a sense of military honor. Adolf Hitler deeply and sincerely believed in the reality of the existential “racial wars” and of the merciless Natural Law that governed them.
By April 30th, it was obvious to Adolf Hitler that the Nazi Germany has lost what he perceived an existential racial war and thus – according to the ruthless Natural Law – no longer deserve to live.
Which prompted him to issue the so-called “Nero Decree” ordering Albert Speer (the de-facto Chief Engineer of the Third Reich at that time) to destroy whatever was left of Germany. Speer predictable disobeyed this genuinely diabolical order.
According to the same unforgiving Natural Law Adolf Hitler – the Führer of the Nazi Germany and commander-in-chief of its Armed Forces – also did not deserve to live and thus had to commit suicide (“samurai-style”, only with a gun instead of a sword).
So at 04:00 (4 AM) on April 29th, Adolf Hitler signed two documents – his Political Testament and his personal Last Will and Testament. His personal will was officially witnessed by Martin Bormann and Colonel Nicolaus von Below – his Luftwaffe adjutant.
His political testament by Joseph Goebbels, Martin Bormann, General Wilhelm Burgdorf (Chief Adjutant to Adolf Hitler), and General Hans Krebs (Chief of Staff of the OKH – the German Army High Command). Subsequently all these witnesses except Colonel von Below (who lived to the ripe old age of 75) committed suicide on 1-2 May, 1945.
All this evidence is completely consistent with the “official” (“mainstream”) theory that Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun committed suicide in the Führerbunker on April 30th, 1945 and totally inconsistent with the “escape theory”.
Consequently, this evidence, though circumstantial, proves beyond the reasonable doubt that the mainstream theory is true and correct and the “escape theory” is pure fiction.
Arguably the most common Nazi-related urban legend is the myth of Nazi UFOs (although Nazi Flying Saucers would have been a more accurate term). This legend became so influential that it found its way even into the “mainstream” Ufology (not to mention dozens of “conspiracy theories”).
According to this legend, at the end of the World War II, Nazi engineers developed and produced a number (some say dozens) of saucer-shaped fast-flying (some say at Mach 2+ speed), long-range (some say intercontinental range) aircraft that they tested in the European skies and even in outer space.
After the war, Nazi pilots allegedly flew these aircraft to secret Nazi underground bases in Antarctica or South America (or even on the Moon). Some say that the US Army got hold of these aircraft and their creators, stored them in secret air bases (e.g. Area 51) and use Nazi technologies to win the space race, create stealth fighters and in other top-secret project such as rumored Aurora hypersonic reconnaissance aircraft.
This legend is, of course, pure fiction as there is not a shred of evidence – physical, documentary or even circumstantial – that such aircraft (let alone underground bases in such far-off places as South America or Antarctica) have been constructed (let alone tested or deployed).
Given the Nazi bureaucracy obsession with paperwork, it is simply inconceivable that all of it would have been destroyed or taken away. In addition, such gargantuan projects required enormous amounts of resources that in 1944-45 Nazi Germany simply did not have.
This myth was a result (a combination and subsequent fictionalization) of a number of events that actually happened and projects that have, indeed, been pursued by the Nazis (some even to the prototype stage).
First, Nazi Germany did claimed the territory of New Swabia in Antarctica, sent an expedition there in 1938, and planned others (to set up a whaling station to increase supplies of whale oil – then a strategic material and to establish a naval base to support surface raiders operating in South American waters).
Second, Rear Admiral Richard Byrd – commander of a 1947 US Antarctic expedition codenamed “Highjump” did issue a statement warning that
“the United States should adopt measures of protection against the possibility of an invasion of the country by hostile planes coming from the polar regions. I am not trying to scare anyone, but the cruel reality is that in case of a new war, the United States could be attacked by planes flying over one or both poles.”
Obviously, he did not mention any UFOs (let alone Nazi UFOs).
Third, Nazi engineers did produce a number of incredibly advanced (even otherworldly) Wunderwaffen and developed plans and prototypes for even more advanced weapons.
Fourth, Nazis did (unsuccessfully) develop the circular-wing aircraft (namely Sack AS-6). However, it was built privately (i.e. received no RLM or other government funding) and managed little more than a hop off the ground due to aerodynamic unsuitability of a circular wing for an aircraft. Ultimately, it was destroyed (most likely, by an Allied air raid).
Fifth, Nazi engineers did (also unsuccessfully) experiment with “Repulsine” engines developed by an Austrian inventor Victor Schauberger (who spent some time in a mental institution and then some time in a Mauthausen concentration camp).
Despite these setbacks, in March 1940 Schauberger did patent the Repulsine engine in Austria under patent# 146,141. This engine was a “discoid motor” that ultimately was to power rotating flying disks. Which were never constructed (except for small-scale models), let alone flown.
Finally, numerous UFO sightings by Allied pilots (called “foo fighters” at that time) could not have been explained by natural phenomena and thus were (understandably) suspected to be prototype Luftwaffe aircraft as some of them reportedly damaged the Allied airplanes.
Similar sentiments regarding German technology resurfaced in 1947 with the first wave of flying saucer reports after Kenneth Arnold’s widely reported close encounter with nine crescent-shaped objects moving at a high velocity.
Personnel of Project Sign, the first U.S. Air Force UFO investigation group, noted that the advanced flying wing aeronautical designs of the German Horten brothers (Ho 229 and Ho XVIII) were similar to some UFO reports.