Myth: Hitler Was Possessed by the Devil

Contrary to a popular misconception, demonic possession (i.e. possession of an individual by “evil spirits”) is not a myth. It does happen. Even prominent psychiatrists confirm that there are mental disorders that can only be explained by a demonic possession.

Nazis committed enormous and horrible crimes against humanity, murdering millions of people. Including six millions or so of Jews – God’s chosen people. Which (especially the latter) was obviously very pleasing to the Devil.

Consequently, it is no surprise that many believe that Adolf Hitler (and possibly all Nazis involved in these crimes) were, indeed, possessed by the Prince of Darkness.

Even the late Father Gabriele Amorth (exorcist of the Diocese of Rome) who performed tens of thousands of exorcisms over his six decades of service as a Catholic Priest, stated in his 2006 Vatican Radio interview:

I am convinced that the Nazis were all possessed. All you have to do is think about what Hitler – and Stalin did. Almost certainly they were possessed by the Devil. You can tell by their behavior and their actions, from the horrors they committed and the atrocities that were committed on their orders

There were even rumors that wartime pontiff Pope Pius XII attempted a “long distance” exorcism of Hitler (which, however, failed to have any effect).

Unfortunately, despite his impressive record as an exorcist (although he never was “the Vatican’s chief exorcist” despite popular media headlines), Father Gabriele Amorth was known to make highly controversial and unprofessional public statements.

The truth is that the Holy Roman Catholic Church has very strict rules for determining whether the individual in question is, indeed, possessed by an evil spirit (or spirits).

The first rule is that the individual must demonstrate one or more clear signs of demonic possession – supernatural strength, supernatural knowledge (that he had no way of acquiring via natural means), ability to fluently speak languages that he never learned, an aversion to the sacred objects (crucifix, holy water, Christian temples, Holy Bible, etc.), and speaking in a unnatural – and deeply frightening – “demonic” voice.

Adolf Hitler (or any other prominent Nazi) never demonstrated any of these signs. Consequently, no competent and responsible exorcist would have ever stated that The Führer was possessed by evil spirits.

And while a long-distance exorcism in something not unheard of, it can never replace the in-person ritual. It can only complement it after the in-person ritual has been successfully performed.

In fact, it is not really an exorcism, but simply a powerful and intense prayer for the liberation of the soul in question from the claws of evil spirits. It is also important to remember that Catholic exorcism can be performed only by a specially trained priest.

There is no evidence that Eugenio Pacelli (Pope Pius XII) ever underwent such training. Which is not surprising at all – he was a Church lawyer, diplomat and politician – but no exorcist. Consequently, it is highly unlikely that he ever attempted a long-distance exorcism of Adolf Hitler.

Oh, and Joseph Stalin has never demonstrated any signs of demonic possession either. Consequently, although his objective of destroying the human civilization as we know it and replacing it with the alternative civilization (global Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) were clearly demonic, he was definitely NOT possessed by the Devil. Or any other evil spirit, for that matter.


Myth: Nazis Came to Power on January 30th, 1933

No. On January 30th, 1933 President of the Weimar Republic Paul von Hindenburg appointed Hitler as Chancellor and thus the head of the government that was sworn in during a brief ceremony in Hindenburg’s office.

Contrary to a popular misconception, under the Weimar Republic, the Chancellor was a fairly weak figure. He (it was always a ‘he’) served as little more than a chairman of the Council of Ministers.

Cabinet decisions were made by majority vote and due to the difficulty of securing a majority in Reichstag, required cooperation of the President. Who thus was a far more powerful figure than the Chancellor.

And even in this weak government, the Nazis had only three positions out of eleven – Chancellor (Adolf Hitler), Minister of Interior (Wilhelm Frick) and Ministers without portfolio (Hermann Göring).

Consequently, it was not the Nazi Government, but a coalition government where the NSDAP was in the minority. Which gave the latter nowhere near the power they needed to implement political, economic and social reforms, kill the Weimar Republic and replace it with the totalitarian Third Reich.

Nazis got that power (and thus genuinely came to power) exactly a month later – on February 28th (the next day after the Reichstag fire) when Hindenburg signed the Verordnung des Reichspräsidenten zum Schutz von Volk und Staat (Decree of the Reich President for the Protection of People and State) which abolished many of the key civil liberties of German citizens and provided the Chancellor with essentially dictatorial powers.

However, the Nazis acquired the absolute political power in Germany, essentially putting an end to the Weimar Republic and giving birth to the Third Reich, only on March 24th when both Reichstag and Reichsrat (the upper house of the German Parliament) passed the Ermächtigungsgesetz (“Enabling Act”).

The Enabling Act was the constitutional amendment that gave the German Cabinet – in effect, Chancellor Adolf Hitler – the power to enact laws without the involvement of the Reichstag thus placing both legislative and executive power in the hands of one individual – the Führer of Germany.


Myth: Nazi Leaders Were of Average Intelligence

Russel Stolfi, professor emeritus at the US Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California, and retired colonel in the US Marine Corps Reserve wrote in his book “Hitler: Beyond Evil and Tyranny” boldly stated:

Virtually every literary piece written about Adolf Hitler in more than half a century since 1945 has been based on antipathy [towards Hitler].

Unfortunately, exactly the same can be said about just about everything written about just about every prominent Nazi politician, statesman or official. Which gave rise to an, alas, very popular myth spread by just about every “mainstream” book on Nazi Germany.

The reality was radically different. IQ tests administered by the psychologists hired by the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg right before the (in)famous trial clearly demonstrated that only one defendant – Julius Streicher was of average intelligence.

Two defendants – Fritz Sauckel and Ernst Kaltenbrunner – were of a “superior intelligence; two – Hjalmar Schacht and Arthur Seyss-Inquart were “genius or near genius”; and all others – of “very superior intelligence” (see table):




Schacht, Hjalmar 143 Genius or near genius
Seyss-Inquart, Arthur 141 Genius or near genius
Dönitz, Karl 138 Very superior intelligence
Göring, Hermann 138 Very superior intelligence
Papen, Franz von 134 Very superior intelligence
Raeder, Erich 134 Very superior intelligence
Frank, Hans 130 Very superior intelligence
Fritzsche, Hans 130 Very superior intelligence
Schirach, Baldur von 130 Very superior intelligence
Keitel, Wilhelm 129 Very superior intelligence
Ribbentrop, Joachim von 129 Very superior intelligence
Speer, Albert 128 Very superior intelligence
Jodl, Alfred 127 Very superior intelligence
Rosenberg, Alfred 127 Very superior intelligence
Neurath, Konstantin von 125 Very superior intelligence
Frick, Wilhelm 124 Very superior intelligence
Funk, Walther 124 Very superior intelligence
Hess, Rudolf 120 Very superior intelligence
Sauckel, Fritz 118 Superior intelligence
Kaltenbrunner, Ernst 113 Superior intelligence
Streicher, Julius 106 Average intelligence

Obviously, a smart criminal is still a criminal and even very smart people can make terrible mistakes (blunders, even), but still Nazi Leaders were no mediocrities. And, by the way, more than half participants of the infamous Wannsee Conference had PhDs (as did many of the Einsatzgruppen commanders). So they were no mediocrities either.

Myth: Nazis Were Bankrolled by Big Corporate Donors

No, the Nazis were neither “financed” nor “bankrolled” by big corporate donors. During its rise to power, the Nazi Party did receive some money from corporate sources — including Thyssen and, briefly, industrialist Ernst von Borsig — but business leaders mostly remained at arm’s length.

For a very understandable reason – Hitler was committed to transforming the elitist Weimar Republic into a clearly socialist state (not an attractive project for the big business).

The Nazi party’s program, the Twenty-Five Points, called for the nationalization of corporations and trusts, revenue sharing, and the end of “interest slavery.” Capitalism, the Nazis charged, “enslaves human beings under the slogan of progress, technology, rationalization, standardization, etc.” Which for the “captains of industry and finance” was more than uncomfortable – it was downright scary.

NSDAP largely depended on grass-roots sources of funding (membership dues, subscriptions to the party press, admission to events and so forth). The Nazi propaganda machine — the dances, the “German evenings,” the concerts, the speeches — was also a powerful moneymaking operation

Source: Washington Post



Myth: Nuremberg Trial Met the Necessary Legal Standards

Unfortunately (actually, very unfortunately, it did not). The main Nuremberg trial was a highly controversial event (to put it mildly). Mostly political event that had much less to do with justice than it should have had.

No one in his or her right mind would dispute the need for such a trial, given the enormity of war crimes committed in Europe during World War II. There was no doubt, either, that Nazi Germany committed the most heinous of these crimes and was responsible for the largest death toll (by far).

However, it did not mean that other belligerent nations did not commit war crimes and crimes against humanity (they did). Or that the trial should ignore the most basic and universally recognized principles of justice and due process (unfortunately, it did).

To ensure that the justice is done (with no miscarriages of the latter), victorious Allies should have done what was done half a century later – after the bloody civil war in (now former) Yugoslavia. Establish the International Criminal Tribunal (ICT) under the auspices of the United Nations that has been just established.

This Tribunal (actually, its investigative office) should have conducted a thorough investigation of all reports of war crimes and crimes against humanity committed during World War II.

Information about all crimes committed during the war and about the perpetrators of these crimes (from both Axis and Allied nations) was to be handed to the prosecution for preparation of proper indictments for the criminal trial.

To adhere to the most fundamental principle of fairness and impartiality, all investigators and prosecutors (as well as judges, of course), should have been recruited from the neutral nations – Spain, Portugal, Ireland, Sweden and Switzerland.

Given the fact that the gravity of crimes committed warranted capital punishment, the defendants should have been tried by the jury – twelve jurors from the neutral countries. Obviously, the defense should have been allowed to participate in jury selection.

To establish the proper legacy, the trial should have been conducted according to the highest standards of justice – defendant is presumed innocent until proven guilty beyond the reasonable doubt; ruthless cross-examination of witnesses by both prosecution and defense; and the highest possible legal requirements for the admission of evidence.

Unfortunately, nothing of that happened. There was no impartial investigation; it was explicitly forbidden even to mention the possibility of crimes committed by the Allies; both the prosecution and the judges were recruited from the victorious Allies – adversaries of Nazis during the war (impartiality tossed out of the window); defense was not allowed to cross-examine witnesses; evidence was accepted without any evaluation as to admissability; defendants were not allowed to appeal or affect the selection of judges; there was no jury…

German defendants were indicted and prosecuted for the very same things the Allies have been doing themselves. For example, German defendants were indicted for conspiracy to commit aggression against Poland in 1939, while no one from the Soviet Union was charged for being part of the same conspiracy (Molotov-Ribbentrop pact of August 1939).

The court agreed to relieve the Soviet leadership from attending these trials as war criminals in order to hide their own crimes that included carving up Poland in 1939 and attacking Finland three months later. This “exclusion request” was initiated by the Soviets and subsequently approved by the court’s administration.

No wonder prominent Western jurists were highly critical of the Nuremberg trial. For example, Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court Harlan Fiske Stone openly called the Nuremberg trials a fraud.

The Economist, a British weekly newspaper, criticized the hypocrisy of both Britain and France for supporting the expulsion of the Soviet Union from the League of Nations over its unprovoked attack against Finland in 1939 and for six years later cooperating with the USSR as a respected equal at Nuremberg.

And – what was hypocrisy par excellence – right during the Nuremberg trial the Soviet Union and its East European puppets were committing a monstrous crime against humanity, deporting millions of Germans (who were guilty only of being German) from Eastern Europe.

Twelve million were deported and over two million murdered. It was genocide plain and simple, but no one was ever charged with this crime (let alone convicted).

To put it bluntly, in Nuremberg the infamous “victors’ justice” was unilaterally imposed on defendants by highly prejudiced judges and prosecutors.

Which means that had there been a legitimate appeals court that followed the universally accepted principles of criminal justice and of due process, all guilty verdicts would have undoubtedly been overturned and all defendants would have walked free. And never tried again for these crimes (due to the double jeopardy principle).

It also means that, although some (but not all) of the defendants were guilty de-facto, de-jure they all of them are not guilty. Not innocent, just not guilty. This is a cold hard legal fact.



Myth: The Key Reason for the Holocaust was Nazi Hatred for Jews

Nazis hated Jews – this is an undeniable fact. However, it was not hatred for the Jews that was the driving force of the Holocaust. It was their entirely erroneous perception of reality (alas, perceptions of reality are the only reality).

Nazis firmly believed in a quasi-religious (and entirely bogus) doctrine of existential racial wars.  They correctly identified the Soviet Union and its Bolshevist ideology as the existential threat to Germany and the whole European civilization.

And correctly viewed the war with the Soviet Union as the existential war where the very existence of Germany and the European civilization (as they knew them) was at stake.

However, they were entirely wrong about the nature and origins of that existential threat. They viewed Bolshevism as Judeo-Bolshevism and thus the Jewish conspiracy (it was not) and the existential war with the Soviet Union as the war with the Jewish race (it wasn’t).

The reasons for this colossal blunder (which it undoubtedly was) was clear and obvious. Nazis looked at the indisputable facts – and made entirely wrong conclusions from these facts.

Karl Marx – founder of Marxism (and, therefore, Bolshevism) was Jewish. Pavel Axelrod and Julius Martov – co-founders of the Russian Social-Democratic Labor Party (later transformed into a Bolshevik Party) – were Jews.

Vladimir Lenin – the leader of Russian Bolsheviks and the first head of the Soviet government – was one-quarter Jewish. Almost all Lenin’s companions on the “sealed train” that brought him to Russia in April 1917 (via Germany) were Jews.

Lev Trotsky who was the actual leader of the Bolshevik October Revolution in Russian, was a Jew. The first head of Soviet state (Soviet Russia) Yakov Sverdlov was a Jew.

Head of the Economic Council Yuri Larin who almost single-handedly destroyed the Russian economy, was a Jew. Viktor Nogin – People’s Commissariat for Trade and Industry – was a Jew. Yakov Yurovsky who commanded the death squad that shot Russian tsar Nicholas II and his family (close relatives of German emperor) was a Jew.

Members of Bolshevik Politburo (the real government of the Soviet Russia) Kamenev and Zinoviev were Jews. One of the most notorious Bolshevik mass murderers – head of Cheka secret police in Petrograd Uritsky was a Jew (in fact, a lot of high-level Cheka officials were Jewish). Genrikh Yagoda – head of GPU (Soviet secret police) was a Jew. The list goes on and on.

Rosa Luxemburg – one of the leaders of German communists (who as members of Comintern were essentially the puppets of Moscow) and of the bloody Spartacus uprising – was a Jew. Ernst Toller – the leader of the short-lived (but bloody) Bavarian Soviet Republic – was a Jew.

Kurt Eisner – leader of its predecessor (People’s State of Bavaria) – was a Jew. Béla Kun – leader of also short-lived (and also bloody) Hungarian Soviet Republic – also was a Jew.

Given these indisputable facts, it is no surprise that Nazis came to a (totally erroneous) conclusion that the Bolshevik plan to conquer the whole world, destroy the global human civilization as they knew it and replace it with an alternative civilization (global Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) was, indeed, a global Jewish conspiracy.

They were wrong. Dead wrong. Because abovementioned activities of all abovementioned Jewish politicians and statesmen had nothing to do with them being Jewish – and everything with them being outcasts. Both in Jewish society and in human society in general.

And because they were outcasts in Jewish society (in other words, were rejected by the Jewish community), the latter had nothing to do with them. And so was in no way responsible for their actions, plans and conspiracies.

There was a conspiracy to destroy Germany and the whole human civilization – it was a cold hard fact. However, there was no Jewish conspiracy (of any kind). This conspiracy was essentially the immensely daring endeavor of but one individual – Joseph Stalin (who was Georgian, not Jewish).

Endeavor that just happened to develop an immensely powerful synergy with the enormously potent messianic drive of the Russian nation (more or less eloquently expressed in the so-called “Third Rome” doctrine).

So if Nazis wanted to talk in terms of nations, their problem was not with Jews – it was with Russians. Jews were no threat to Nazi Germany, Europe or the whole human civilization. Russians were.



Myth: Nazi Germany Bears Sole Responsibility for the Holocaust

Nazis murdered millions of Jews thus committing the Holocaust – a monstrous crime against humanity. This is a cold hard (and an undeniable) fact. However, several other nations share the blame for this genocide because they could have prevented it – or at least saved hundreds of thousands of Jewish lives.

On the 6th of July, 1938 representatives of 32 nations (Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Columbia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, France, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Ireland, Mexico, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay and Venezuela), intergovernmental organizations (High Commission for Refugees from Germany and General Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Committee)  and 24 private non-profit organizations gathered in a French resort city Évian-les-Bains to discuss the Jewish refugee problem and the plight of the increasing numbers of Jewish refugees fleeing persecution by Nazi Germany.

Later it was estimated that had each nation at Evian agreed on that day to take in just 17,000 Jews, every Jew in the Reich could have been saved. In reality, none accepted any sizable number of refugees (only the Dominican Republic ultimately took in about 800).

Which was a very dumb decision actually, because just about all Jewish immigrants were highly skilled professionals that would have brought immense value to their new home countries.

Unfortunately, all these nations were too poisoned and blinded with Judeophobia and simply did not want any more Jews on their land. And either did not believe that the lives of Jews in the Third Reich were in danger or (more likely) simply did not care.

In late June 1940, right after the Fall of France, the German diplomat Franz Rademacher, head of the Jewish Department of the German Foreign Office, proposed to solve the “Jewish problem” by relocate the Jewish population of Europe to the island of Madagascar. A French colony, after the surrender of France it became available to Nazi government for whatever purpose they might choose.

It was by no means a novel idea – relocation of European Jews to Madagascar was first proposed in 1878 by Paul Anton de Lagarde – a German biblical scholar and orientalist, (sometimes regarded as one of the greatest orientalists of the 19th century, believe it or not). In 1937 this idea was investigated (but subsequently dropped) by the Polish government (only marginally less Judeophobic than the Nazi one).

Adolf Hitler (who was made aware of this plan probably by von Ribbentrop) was apparently much more optimistic about the success of this plan. So he ordered “another Adolf” – Adolf Eichmann – draft a memorandum on implementing this plan ASAP.

The latter obliged and on August 15th, 1940 released a memorandum calling for the resettlement of a million Jews per year for four years, with the island being governed by the SS.

This solution to the Jewish question (like any other solution of this problem) was undoubtedly a crime against humanity. However, it was far less murderous than the Final Solution that was actually implemented.

Unfortunately for the Jews, Her Majesty’s Government (and personally Sir Winston Churchill) flatly refused to lift the naval blockade of Germany (let alone declare a ceasefire) to allow Nazi Germany to start implementing the Madagascar Plan. Or to allow unlimited immigration of Jews to Palestine (which it did allow anyway five years later – after the end of the war).

And thus did not use the chance to save millions of Jewish lives. Apparently destroying Nazi Germany was far more important to Sir Winston and his associates than saving Jewish lives.