Reichskonkordat of 1933 (2)

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Let’s start with Hitler’s objectives (it is a book by Adolf Hitler, after all). He was born, baptized and raised Roman Catholic; however, by the time the Reichskonkordat was signed his religious beliefs were very different from Catholicism.

To put it very simply, he believed in (1) the existence of Supreme Power that he referred to as “Providence”; (2) the immutable and ultimately omnipotent Laws of Nature established by the Supreme Power; (3) in his Divine Mission in service of that Supreme Power; and (4) in being protected by this Supreme Power as long as he is fulfilling his Mission.

He believed in his very personal and very direct relationship with this Supreme Power and thus had no need for an intermediary between him and Providence. Consequently, he did not need to belong to any Church – not Catholic, not Protestant, none.

True, in his childhood he was mesmerized by the magnitude and splendor of the Catholic Church (and even at one time was thinking about entering a monastery with the ultimate objective of becoming an abbot); however, during his later years (especially the ones spent in Vienna) he became disillusioned in Christianity – to the point of considering it a “false religion” and even the “Jewish invention” (an important component of a “Jewish conspiracy” against the “Aryan race”).

However, his view of a Catholic Church (or any church for that matter) was entirely pragmatic. A textbook national-sociopath, he considered every church and every religion – Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox, etc. – a mere tool to be used to achieve his genuinely grandiose objectives.

Adolf Hitler loved his country and his people deeply, sincerely and passionately; hence he was firmly committed to (a) healing the economic ills of Germany – first, and foremost, unemployment; (b) radically increasing the living standards – and the overall quality of life of all Germans; (c) return all lands taken away at gunpoint by the “Versailles criminals”; (d) unite all German Volk into Ein Reich; (e) transform the defeated, robbed, depressed and economically devastated nation into a global economic, political and military superpower; and (f) make the Germans a genuinely happy nation.

He knew, of course, that to achieve these seemingly impossible objective, he needed every German to make the maximum possible contribution to his grandiose project.

And he needed both the Catholic and the Lutheran churches – the dominant religious forces in Germany – to inspire and otherwise motivate the Germans to maximize this contribution. In other words, he wanted every Christian church in the country to be a part of the solution to the immense problems faced by his beloved Germany – not another problem that had to be solved.

Now let’s see what were the objectives of the Holy See (more precisely, the Pope Pius XI on whose behalf the Reichskonkordat was signed and Eugenio Pacelli – the future Pope Pius XII who wrote and signed the document).

Unlike just about all political leaders of “democratic” nations (“democracy” is but an illusion now and was definitely an illusion then), both Pope Pius XI and his Secretary of State knew for a fact that (1) the Bolshevist Soviet Union was an existential threat to the Christian (i.e. Western) civilization; and (2) that the Nazi Germany was the only power capable of stopping the “Red Plague” in its tracks.

Unlike in a Cold War where the risks of an all-out “hot war” with the Soviet Union was precisely zero (thanks to a “mutually assured destruction”), in the 1930s and 1940s such a war with Bolshevism was inevitable.

And in such a war a totalitarian ideology (i.e. Bolshevism) could be stopped only by another totalitarian ideology (i.e. National-Socialism). The “democratic” ideologies were way too soft to successfully stand up to totalitarian ones (let alone defeat them).

Consequently, the fundamental objective of both Pope Pius XI and Eugenio Pacelli was identical to the ultimate objective of Adolf Hitler. Both sides wanted the Nazis to transform Germany into an economic and military superpower, able and willing (for whatever reason) to attack and defeat (ideally, destroy) the Bolshevist Soviet Union and thus save the Christian Churches (all of them) and the whole Christian (i.e. Western) civilization. Hence it is no surprise that they negotiated and signed the Reichskonkordat so quickly.

However, both leaders of the Holy Roman Catholic Church (#1 and #2 in the Church hierarchy respectively) were not only the lawyers and politicians (although both undoubtedly were).

They were also spiritual leaders, ordained priests, ministers, pastors who were supposed to take good spiritual care of their Catholic flock. And took this responsibility very, very seriously.

Although they were (understandably) up to their ears in very worldly politics, they still knew that their primary objective (for which they will judged by the Almighty God when their time comes) was to bring as many souls as possible to Heaven (either directly or via Purgatory). In other words, save as many souls as possible from Hell. Including German souls, of course.

According to Catholic doctrine (regardless of what the heretics in Vatican preach these days), the only way for an individual to ensure the salvation of his or her soul in the afterlife is to (1) belong to the Holy Roman Catholic Church; and (2) follow the Catholic teaching as close as humanly possible – on a “best effort” basis, so to speak.

Consequently, both Church leaders wanted from the Reichskonkordat (or from any concordat for that matter) the right to preach and teach the Catholic faith (converting non-Catholics to Catholicism, keeping Catholics in the Church and motivating them to be “good enough Catholics” at all times) and to structure and manage the Church in the country in question in the most efficient way – from the abovementioned perspective.

Obviously, they also wanted every catholic in Germany (actually, in every country) to have the right and the ability to follow the Catholic teaching – even when it contradicts the laws and the decrees of the government in question.

Unfortunately, wanting something and being able to make it happen are two different matters entirely. To make your desires a reality (i.e. to make the other side agree to them), you must have some kind of leverage in the negotiations in question.

And that’s precisely what the Holy See did not have – but Adolf Hitler did. The Vatican needed the Third Reich to avoid being invaded, conquered and destroyed by the Bolsheviks (a very real possibility even after the war – let alone before).

And Hitler did not need the Holy See – or even the Holy Roman Catholic Church for that matter. In fact, as his ideology (national-socialism) was not exactly compatible with Christianity (to put it mildly), Hitler would not have minded at all if someone just annihilates the whole thing, clearing the ground for the total and final victory of Nazism.

Hence it is no surprise at all that Adolf Hitler got pretty much all he wanted from Reichskonkordat. And although on paper it might have looked that the Holy See achieved its objectives (although it not always did), in reality it was on paper only.

For a very simple reason – the Führer had no desire to honor the terms of Reichskonkordat (with the exception of those cases when it was in his interests). Hence, if Pius XI and his Secretary of State hoped that Reichskonkordat would prevent (stop, actually) the persecution of the Catholic Church in Germany (and they probably did), they were in for a very rude awakening.

Reichskonkordat of 1933 (1)

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The Reichskonkordat (“Concordat between the Holy See and the German Reich“) was the first treaty with a foreign power signed by the Nazi government. Which gives you some idea about the importance of this treaty to the Nazi regime and to Adolf Hitler personally.

This treaty was signed on July 20th, 1933 by Cardinal Secretary of State (a lawyer by training) Eugenio Pacelli, who later became Pope Pius XII (quite incorrectly labeled by some as “Hitler’s Pope”), on behalf of then-Pope Pius XI and Vice Chancellor Franz von Papen – on behalf of President Paul von Hindenburg and the German government. It was ratified September 10, 1933 and it has been in force from that date onward.

Yes, unlike most other treaties signed by the Third Reich, the Reichskonkordat is still very much in force today. After the war the concordat was embedded in Article 123.2 of the 1949 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany.

In 1957, the Constitutional Court of West Germany ruled that though the regime had changed, the state remained the same and therefore the Reichskonkordat would continue to be in force in Germany.

Interestingly enough, the Reichskonkordat is similar to… the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact because it also contains a very secret and very important supplement. This supplement almost openly admits that when the treaty was signed, Nazi Germany already planned to radically change the German Armed Forces, transforming a volunteer-based Reichswehr into Wehrmacht based on universal conscription.

The Vatican (i.e. Pope Pius XI) was very supportive of this intention – unlike just about any Western leader, he knew for a fact that (1) the Bolshevist Soviet Union was an existential threat to the Catholic Church and the whole Christian Civilization; and (2) Nazi Germany was the only force capable of saving both.

However, to accomplish this Divine Mission, it had to transform itself into a military superpower – which obviously required conscription-based armed forces. Consequently, Pius XI (and later Pius XII) supported any policy and any man who would oppose and fight the Soviet Union and its leader – the “Red Tamerlane” Joseph Stalin.

So it is no surprise at all that two weeks prior to Reichskonkordat on July 5th, 1933, the Holy See signed the so-called “Dollfuss Concordat” with the Republic of Austria which included the almost identical Secret Supplement.

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As I have already done on numerous occasions, I will reproduce the Reichskonkordat here in full (including, obviously, the Secret Supplement). Where appropriate, I will include my comments [in square brackets]. As usual, the text of the document will be in DINMittelschrift Alternate font; my comments will be (like the main text of this book) in Brawler (both size 12).

Concordat between the Holy See and the German Reich

July 20, 1933

[Ratified 10 September 1933]

 

His Holiness Pope Pius XI and the President of the German Reich, moved by a common desire to consolidate and promote the friendly relations existing between the Holy See and the German Reich, wish to permanently regulate the relations between the Catholic Church and the state for the whole territory of the German Reich in a way acceptable to both parties.

They have decided to conclude a solemn agreement, which will supplement the Concordats already concluded with individual German States and will ensure for the remaining States fundamentally uniform treatment of their respective problems.

For this purpose His Holiness Pope Pius XI has appointed as his Plenipotentiary His Eminence the Most Reverend Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli, his Secretary of State and the President of the German Reich has appointed as Plenipotentiary the Vice-Chancellor of the German Reich, Herr Franz von Papen, who, having exchanged their respective mandates and found them to be in good and proper form, have agreed to the following Articles:

Article 1

The German Reich guarantees freedom of profession and public practice of the Catholic religion.

[Well, not exactly, but only if the Catholics refrain from statements – let alone actions – that could be perceived as hostile to the National-Socialist regime. However, this ban was imposed more than half a century earlier by the “Pulpit Law” passed during the Kulturkampf period under Bismarck]

It acknowledges the right of the Catholic Church, within the framework of the laws valid for all, to manage and regulate its own affairs independently [of the Nazi State], and, within the framework of its own competence, to issue binding laws and ordinances for its members.

[In other words, the Nazi State stays away from the affairs of the Church… as long as the Church stays away from politics]

Article 2

The concordats concluded with Bavaria (1924), Prussia (1929) and Baden (1932) remain in force, and the rights and privileges of the Catholic Church recognized in these are preserved unchanged within the territories of the states concerned.

For the remaining States, the agreements reached in the present concordat come into force in their entirety. These last are also binding for the three States named above, in so far as they affect matters not regulated by the States’ concordats or in so far as they supplement the earlier settlements.

In the future concordats with the states will be concluded only with the agreement of the government of the Reich.

[Makes complete sense for a super-centralized Führerstaat that Germany was rapidly transformed into]

Article 3

In order to foster good relations between the Holy See and the German Reich, an apostolic nuncio will reside in the capital of the German Reich and an ambassador of the German Reich at the Holy See.

Article 4

The Holy See enjoys full freedom in its relations and correspondence with the bishops, clergy and other members of the Catholic Church in Germany. The same applies to the bishops and other diocesan officials in their dealings with the faithful in all matters belonging to their pastoral office.

Instructions, ordinances, pastoral letters, official diocesan gazettes, and other decrees concerning the spiritual direction of the faithful issued by the Church authorities within the framework of their competence may be published without hindrance and brought to the notice of the faithful in the customary form.

[In other words, stay away from politics and do whatever you want – the Nazi State will not interfere in your internal affairs in any way]

 

 

Article 5

In the exercise of their clerical activities the [Catholic] clergy enjoy the protection of the state in the same way as state officials. The state will proceed, in accordance with the general provisions of civil law, against any insult to their person or to their clerical capacity, as well as against any interference with the duties of their office and, if necessary, will provide official protection.

[A critically important clause for the Church that was very concerned about Kulturkampf II – this time perpetrated by Communists, other lefties, liberals, atheists and other anti-Catholic and anti-Christian forces. And, of course, by the Protestants who viewed the original Kulturkampf as the “natural continuation of the Reformation”]

Article 6

The clergy and members of religious orders are freed from any obligation to take public office and such obligations as, according to the dictates of Canon Law, are incompatible with the status of a member of the clergy or religious order respectively. This applies particularly to the office of a lay judge, juror, member of a tax committee or of a fiscal tribunal.

Article 7

For the acceptance of employment or appointment as state official, or to any public corporation dependent on the state, clergymen require, the nihil obstat [“no objections”] of their diocesan ordinary [i.e. bishop], as well as of the ordinary of the place where the public corporation is situated. The nihil obstat may be withdrawn at any time for important reasons of ecclesiastical interests.

Article 8

The official income of the clergy is immune from distraint [the seizure of someone’s property in order to obtain payment of money owed, especially rent] to the same extent as is the official salary of the Reich and state officials.

[Another critically important protection of the Church by the Nazi State]

Article 9

The clergy cannot be required by judicial and other authorities to give information about matters which have been entrusted to them in the course of administering pastoral care, and which therefore fall under the obligation of pastoral secrecy.

[Still another vitally important clause – especially after the passage of the Reichstag Fire Decree and the Enabling Act. The Nazis – let’s give them credit when the credit is due – did not break this promise. Although technically capable to do so, Gestapo never bugged the confessionals – or any place in Catholic Churches, for that matter (but did send spies to listen to public sermons, of course)]

Article 10

The wearing of clerical dress or of a religious habit by lay people, or by members of the clergy or religious orders by whom this use is forbidden by a definitive and legally valid directive of the competent ecclesiastical authority and officially communicated to the state authority, is liable to the same penalty by the state as the misuse of the military uniform.

Article 11

The present organization and boundaries of dioceses of the Catholic Church in the German Reich remain in force. Any creation or rearrangement of a bishopric or ecclesiastical province, or other changes in the boundaries of dioceses that seem advisable in the future, so far as they involve changes within the boundaries of a German State, remain subject to the agreement of the state governments concerned.

Rearrangements and alterations which extend beyond the boundaries of a German state require the agreement of the Reich Government, which shall be left to secure the consent of the appropriate state government.

The same applies to creations or rearrangements of Church provinces involving several German states. The foregoing conditions do not apply to changes in ecclesiastical boundaries made merely in the interests of local pastoral care.

In the case of any (territorial) re-organization within the German Reich, the Reich Government will communicate with the Holy See with a view to rearrangement of the organization and boundaries of dioceses.

[Makes sense]

Article 12

Without prejudice to the provisions of Article 11, ecclesiastical offices may be freely created and changed, unless state funds are drawn upon. The involvement of the state in the creation and alteration of parishes shall be carried out according to standard procedures that are agreed to by the diocesan bishops, and for which the Reich Government will endeavor to secure the most uniform treatment possible from the state governments.

Article 13

Catholic parishes, parish and diocesan societies, episcopal sees, bishoprics and chapters, religious orders and congregations, as well as institutions, foundations and property which are under the administration of Church agencies, shall retain or acquire respectively, legal competence in the civil domain according to the general provisions of civil law. They shall remain corporations under public law to the extent that they have been so far; the others may be granted similar rights within the framework of the laws valid for all.

Article 14

As a matter of principle the Church retains the right to appoint freely to all Church offices and benefices without the involvement of the state or of civil groups, in so far as other provisions have not been made in previous concordats mentioned in (2).

[Another clause that secures the independence of the Church from the State]

Concerning the appointment of bishops’ sees, the regulation made for appointment of the two suffragan bishoprics [bishoprics whose bishop is under his archbishop or metropolitan] of Rottenburg and Mainz, as well as for the bishopric of Meissen, is to be duly applied to the metropolitan see of the Upper Rhine Ecclesiastical Province of Freiburg. The same holds for the two first named suffragan bishops with regard to appointments to the cathedral chapter, and for the administration of the right of patronage.

Furthermore, there is agreement on the following points:

  1. Catholic clerics who hold an ecclesiastical office in Germany or who exercise pastoral or educational functions must:

(a) be German citizens, [this requirement dates back to Bismarck era]

(b) have earned a secondary-school graduation certificate which permits study at an institution of higher learning, [ditto]

(c) have studied philosophy and theology for at least three years at a German state university, a German ecclesiastical college, or a papal college in Rome. [ditto]

  1. The bull nominating archbishops, bishops, coadjutors cum jure successionis [assistant bishop with the right of succession] or a praelatus nullius [prelate who exercises quasi-episcopal jurisdiction in a territory not comprised in any diocese] will not be issued until the name of the appointee has been submitted to the Reich governor in the relevant state, and until it has been ascertained that there are no objections of a general political nature. In the case of an agreement between Church and state, Paragraph 1, sections (a) (b) and (c) may be disregarded or set aside.

No right of the State to assert a veto is to be based on this Article.

[Well, for all practical purposes this article did give the Nazi State the veto power over the appointment of Catholic bishops that are believed to be “politically unacceptable” to the former]

Article 15

Religious orders and congregations are not subject to any special restrictions on the part of the state in relation to their foundation, establishment, number and – subject to Paragraph 2 of this Article – the selection of their members, their pastoral activities in care, education, care of the sick and charitable work, the management of their own affairs and the administration of their property.

Superiors of religious orders whose headquarters are within Germany must be German citizens [another requirement that dated back to Bismarck’s Kulturkampf]. Superiors of provincials and orders whose headquarters lie outside the territory of the German Reich, have the right to visit those of their establishments that lie within Germany.

The Holy See will take pains to ensure that for conventual establishments within the German Reich the provincial organization is set up so that, as far as possible, German establishments do not fall under the jurisdiction of foreign provincial superiors.

[No wonder as the Nazis were fiercely independent and deeply suspicious of any foreign influence]

Exceptions can be permitted with the agreement of the Reich Government, especially in cases where the small number of houses makes a German province impracticable, or where special grounds exist for the retention of an historic and firmly established provincial organization.

Article 16

Before bishops take possession of their dioceses they are to take an oath of loyalty either to the Reich governor of the state (Land) concerned or to the President of the Reich respectively, according to the following formula:

“Before God and on the Holy Gospels I swear and promise, as becomes a bishop, loyalty to the German Reich and to the State (Land) of . . . I swear and promise to honor the legally constituted government and to cause the clergy of my diocese to honor it. With dutiful concern for the welfare and the interests of the German state, in the performance of the ecclesiastical office entrusted to me, I will endeavor to prevent everything injurious which might threaten it.”

[This clause was, obviously, critically important to Nazi Government – or any government, for that matter. In practice it means that every Catholic bishop had to publicly and solemnly pledge that in the event of a conflict between the “interests of the Nazi state” and the Catholic teaching the bishop had to choose the interests of the Nazi state over the Catholic teachings – and of the interests of the Catholic Church.

The reality was – as usual – rarely that straightforward, but this clause clearly subjugated the Catholic leaders in Germany – and thus the Catholic Church – to the interests of the Nazi regime]

Article 17

The property rights and other rights to assets of corporations under public law, of the institutions, foundations and associations of the Catholic Church are guaranteed according to requirements of the general law of the land.

No building dedicated to religious services may be destroyed for any reason whatsoever without the previous consent of the proper Church authorities.

[Another protective clause critically important to the Catholic Church]

Article 18

In the case of the abrogation of state obligations to the Church, whether based on law, agreement or special charter, before working out the principles according to which the abrogation is to be carried out, in a timely manner an amicable agreement is to be effected between the Holy See and the Reich.

Legitimate traditional rights are to be considered as titles in law. An abrogation must bestow upon those entitled to abrogation proper compensation for the loss of the customary state benefits.

Article 19

Catholic theological faculties in state [i.e. government-run] universities are to be maintained. Their relation to Church authorities will be governed by the relevant concordats and by their supplementary protocols with stated regulations, having due regard for the relevant Church decrees. The Reich Government will endeavor to secure for all of these Catholic faculties in Germany uniformity of treatment.

Article 20

Where other agreements do not exist, the Church has the right to establish theological and philosophical colleges for the training of its clergy, which are to be wholly dependent on the Church authorities if no state subsidies are sought.

The establishment, management and administration of theological seminaries and hostels for seminarians is, within the framework of the laws valid for all, the exclusive prerogative of the Church authorities.

Article 21

Catholic religious education in elementary, vocational, secondary schools and institutions of higher learning is a regular school subject, and is to be taught in accordance with the principles of the Catholic Church.

In religious education, special emphasis will be given to inculcating a patriotic, civic and social sense of duty in the spirit of the Christian faith and the moral code, just as happens in all other subjects. The curriculum and the selection of textbooks for religious education will be arranged in agreement with the Church authorities.

The opportunity will be given to the Church authorities to check, with the agreement of the school authorities, whether the pupils receive religious education in accordance with the teachings and specifications of the Church.

[Given the fact that National-Socialism was not exactly compatible with Christianity (to put it mildly), this clause was a major concession by the Nazis. How it was implemented in practice, however, was a different matter entirely]

Article 22

In the appointment of Catholic religious instructors, agreement is to be reached between the bishop and the state government. Teachers who, because of their doctrine or moral behavior, are declared [by the state government, I presume] unfit to further impart religious education, are not permitted to be employed as religion teachers so long as this obstacle remains.

[This article pretty much nullified the previous one and allowed the Nazi government to maintain tight control over the content of Catholic education in secondary schools, universities, etc.]

 

 

 

Article 23

The retention of Catholic denomination schools and the establishment of new ones is guaranteed. In all parishes where parents or guardians request it, Catholic elementary schools will be established, wherever the number of pupils, with due regard for the local conditions of school organization, appears to be sufficient for a school administered in accordance with the standards prescribed by the state.

[Another critically important clause that allowed the Church to keep – and expand – its vast network of Catholic (i.e. private) schools]

Article 24

In all Catholic elementary schools only such teachers are to be employed as are members of the Catholic Church, and who guarantee to fulfil the special requirements of a Catholic school.

Within the framework of the general professional training of teachers, facilities will be created which will provide for the training of Catholic teachers, in accordance with the special requirements of Catholic denominational schools.

Article 25

Religious orders and congregations are entitled to establish and conduct private schools, within the framework of the general laws and ordinances. These private schools award the same qualifications as state schools, insofar as they adhere to the regulations governing curriculum prescribed for the latter.

Members of religious orders or congregations seeking admission to teacher training and employment in elementary, secondary or post-secondary schools are to meet the general requirements applicable to all.

Article 26

Until a later comprehensive regulation of the marriage laws, it is understood that, apart from cases of critical illness of an engaged person which would not permit delay, and in cases of great moral emergency, whose presence must be confirmed by the proper episcopal authority, the Church marriage blessing should precede the civil ceremony. In such cases the priest is obliged to immediately notify the Registrar’s office.

[Another important concession of the Nazi government to the Catholic Church]

 

Article 27

For the German army pastoral care outside the realm of ordinary jurisdiction is conceded for its Catholic officers, officials and men, as well as for their families.

The administration of such pastoral care for the army is the duty of the army bishop. His Church appointment is to be made by the Holy See after contact has been made with the Reich Government in order, with its agreement, to select a suitable person.

The Church appointment of military chaplains and other military clergy will be made by the army bishop after prior consultation with the appropriate authorities of the Reich. He may appoint only such chaplains as receive permission from their diocesan bishop to undertake military pastoral work, together with a certificate of suitability. Military chaplains have the rights of parish priests with regard to the troops and other army personnel assigned to them.

Detailed regulations for the organization of pastoral work by chaplains will be supplied by an Apostolic Brief. Regulations for the legal aspects in terms of [their status as state] officials will be drawn up by the Reich Government.

[Now that was serious. Given the fact that by law the Wehrmacht soldiers, officers and generals were prohibited from joining the Nazi party and the NSDAP from any political activities in the Wehrmacht, it gave the Catholic Church enormous power over hearts, minds and souls of the military personnel

However, as (1) the overwhelming concern of the Church was to avoid the annihilation by the “Red Plague” of Bolshevism; and (2) the Third Reich being the only power capable of protecting the Church, the latter used its power over the military to support, rather than oppose, the Nazis. Hence it is no surprise that all but the tiny majority of Wehrmacht personnel were fiercely loyal to the Nazi regime and to Adolf Hitler personally]

Article 28

In hospitals, prisons, and other public institutions the Church is permitted to make pastoral visits and conduct services of worship, subject to the general rules of the institutions concerned. If regular pastoral care is provided for such institutions, and if pastors must be appointed as state or other public officials, such appointments will be made with the agreement of Church authorities.

 

 

 

Article 29

Catholic members of a non-German ethnic minority [Poles, mostly] living within the German Reich, as regards their mother tongue in Church services [sermons], religious education and Church societies, will be accorded no less favorable treatment than that accorded by law and in practice to members of German origin and speech living within the boundaries of the corresponding foreign states.

[Given the proliferation of (mostly) “fake news” about alleged persecution of German minorities in Poland, Czechoslovakia, etc. this clause practically guaranteed the persecution of these majorities in Germany]

Article 30

On Sundays and official [Catholic] holy days, a prayer conforming to the liturgy will be offered at the end of the principal Mass in parish, auxiliary and conventual churches of the German Reich, for the welfare of the German Reich and (German) people.

[Making the Catholic Church a powerful tool of emotional and spiritual control over the population of Germany – and subsequently the Greater Germany]

Article 31

Those Catholic organizations and societies which have exclusively charitable, cultural or religious purposes, and, as such, are placed under the Church authorities, will be protected in terms of their institutions and activities.

Those Catholic organizations which, in addition to their religious, cultural and charitable purposes, have others, such as social or professional tasks – even though they may be brought into national organizations – are to enjoy the protection of Article 31, Paragraph 1, provided they guarantee to conduct their activities outside all political parties.

[Cut and dry, plain and simple, loud and clear message: Stay the hell away out of politics – or it will be hell to pay]

It is reserved to the Reich Government and the German episcopate, in a joint agreement, to determine which organizations and associations come within the scope of this Article.

In so far as the Reich and the states take charge of sport and other youth organizations, care will be taken that it shall be possible for the members regularly to attend church on Sundays and feast days, and that they shall not be induced to do anything inconsistent with their religious and moral convictions and obligations.

[Reality turned out to be quite different. First, the Nazi government made the list of organization it deemed relevant to this article and then forced the Church to accept it.

Second, whenever the national-socialist dogmas contradicted Catholic teaching (and it happened all the time), members of the abovementioned organization were forced (coerced, actually) to follow the Nazi dogmas, no matter how they were “inconsistent with religious and moral convictions and obligations” of the individuals in question]

Article 32

Due to the special situation existing in Germany, and in view of the safeguards created by the clauses of this concordat of legislation preserving the rights and privileges of the Catholic Church in the Reich and its states, the Holy See will enact regulations to exclude the clergy and members of religious orders from membership in political parties and from working on their behalf.

[Which would effectively put an end to “political Catholicism” once and for all]

Article 33

All matters relating to clerical personnel or Church affairs, which have not been treated of in the foregoing Articles, will be regulated for the ecclesiastical sphere according to current Canon Law.

Should differences of opinion arise regarding the interpretation or execution of any of the Articles of this Concordat, the Holy See and the German Reich will reach a friendly solution by mutual agreement.

[In practice it meant that the German Reich would force the Church to accept whatever decision the Nazi government made on the matter in question]

Article 34

This Concordat, whose German and Italian texts shall have equal binding force, shall be ratified, and the instruments of ratification shall be exchanged, as soon as possible. It will be in force from the day of such exchange.

In witness hereof, the plenipotentiaries have signed this Concordat. Signed in two original copies, in the Vatican City, July 20th, 1933.

(Signed) Eugenio, Cardinal Pacelli

(Signed) Franz von Papen

Secret Supplement

In case of a change in the present German armed forces in the sense of the introduction of universal conscription, the induction of priests and other members of the regular clergy and the orders into military service will, with the understanding of the Holy See, be arranged within the framework of approximately the following guiding ideas:

  1. a) Students of philosophy and theology at Church institutions who are preparing themselves for the priesthood are to be freed from military service and the preparatory drills for it, except in the case of a general mobilization.

[An implicit indication that the general mobilization – and thus the war – was more than likely in a not-so-distant future]

  1. b) In the case of a general mobilization clerics who are employed in the diocese administration or the military chaplaincy are freed from reporting for duty. This applies to ordinaries, members of the ordinariate, provosts of seminaries and Church residences for seminarians, professors at the seminaries, parish priests, curates, rectors, coadjucators and the clerics who provide a church with worship services on a continuing basis.
  2. c) The remaining clerics, insofar as they are considered suitable, are to join the armed forces of the state in order to devote themselves to pastoral care for the troops under the Church jurisdiction of the military bishops, if they are not inducted into the medical unit.
  3. d) The remaining clergy in sacris or members of orders, who are not yet priests are to be assigned to the medical unit. The same shall apply when possible to the candidates for the priesthood mentioned in a) who have not yet taken their final vows.

[Still another vital protection for the Church officials – this time from being conscripted into the future Wehrmacht and forced to take arms which was not compatible with their religious vows and convictions]

Now let’s take a closer look at the Reichskonkordat, do a thorough analysis and draw the key conclusions.

Kulturkampf (2)

Roman-Catholicism

It is well-known fact that Adolf Hitler admired Otto von Bismarck. But it was much more than admiration. Hitler considered his Third Reich to be a direct successor of the Second German Empire established by Bismarck.

Consequently, he fully intended to “finish what Otto von Bismarck had started”, including his Kulturkampf – a war (let’s call a spade a spade) on the Holy Roman Catholic Church over the spiritual and ideological control over Germany.

The “finish what was started” also predictably included crushing the Catholic Church in Poland – and institution (correctly) viewed by the Nazis as the bulwark of Polish nationalism (and thus of the struggle of the Poles for the independence of their nation).

However, the whole Kulturkampf thing started many centuries before Bismarck and Hitler. Hence, to understand both (and you can understand Hitler’s Kulturkampf only if you understand the Bismarck’s version), you must understand the origins of the latter. The origins that (not surprisingly) are in the Christian doctrine.

Unlike Islam where the church and the State (i.e. religious and government authority) are inseparable, Christianity openly calls in its Holy Scripture (New Testament) for the separation of Christian Church (i.e. religious authority) and the State (i.e. government authority). The Gospel according to Mark (12:17) is very clear on that:

“Then Jesus said to them, “Give to Caesar what is Caesar’s and to God what is God’s.” (New International Version – NIV)

The authors (compilers, actually) of the New Testament considered this commandment to be important enough to be included into two other Gospels as well. The Gospel according to Luke (20:25) presents this commandment in exactly the same words:

[Jesus] said to them, “Then give back to Caesar what is Caesar’s, and to God what is God’s.” (NIV)

As does the Gospel according to Matthew (22:21):

Then [Jesus] said to them, “So give back to Caesar what is Caesar’s, and to God what is God’s.” (NIV)

According to the Christian Tradition, Matthew wrote for Jews; Mark wrote for the Romans and Luke was a Syrian. Consequently, it is crystal clear that this commandment is addressed (and thus is compulsory) to all nations.

However, the reality turned out to be quite different. Jesus commanded His apostles (and thus, by extension, the whole Christian Church), to convert the whole human population (yes, every single human being on Earth) to Christianity:

The Gospel according to Matthew (28:19-20) states it in no uncertain terms and well beyond any reasonable doubt:

“Go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you” (NIV)

The commandment about God and Caesar makes it pretty clear that the Church MUST NOT use the power of the state to achieve the abovementioned objective; implicitly saying that its priest, missionaries, monks, nuns, etc. must use sermons, prayers, healing,  personal examples (“living the Gospel”, “imitating Christ”, etc.) and other purely spiritual and religious tools instead (i.e. the fear of Hell which was a very powerful incentive for converting to Christianity and remaining a “good enough Christian” at all times).

In other words, Jesus Christ viewed the Church and the State as two totally distinct institutions with the latter taking care of human needs in this world (financial, functional and emotional) and the former – of needs spiritual.

First, and foremost, of course, on making sure that after the death of the physical body every human soul gets at least into Purgatory (at best into the Kingdom of Heaven). And thus is saved from eternal torment in Hell (salvation is job #1, in other words).

Why did Our Lord and Savior (I am a Roman Catholic) Jesus Christ insist on strict separation of Church and State and on the former NOT using the power of the latter in their conversion efforts?

Because He (and God the Heavenly Father, of course) firmly respects the Freedom of Human Will – and thus is adamant about strictly voluntary conversion. In other words, His firm position was that no one should be coerced into converting to Christianity – i.e. by a threat of torture, imprisonment or any other punishment (let alone death).

However, the Church leaders (including the Popes, of course) had a very different idea about what should and should not be done to convert “their neighbors” to Christianity.

And thus save their souls, because until very, very recently, Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus (“there is no salvation outside the Christian Church”) was a fundamental dogma of Christianity. “The Christian Church” in this context meant the Holy Roman Catholic Church, of course, because for a millennium and a half Matthew 16:18

“And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it” (NIV)

were interpreted as referring to only the Roman Church as Saint Peter was the first Bishop of Rome and the head of the whole Church. Which made complete sense given the facts that (a) at that time the whole civilized world was pretty much limited to the Roman Empire – at least in Europe; and (2) to ensure the uniformity of doctrine the Church had to be a highly centralized institution.

Church leaders sincerely believed that salvation from Hell was so important that literally everything and anything was acceptable to achieve that all-important objectives.

In short, that such an important end justified any and all means – even if to save 80% of the souls 20% had to be murdered. Hey, it was OK to kill 80% tom save 20% – if the alternative was to have the whole 100% of the souls go to Hell for eternal (and unbelievably painful) torment.

Besides (let’s be honest), the Church leaders were, alas, very sinful individuals – and already very much corrupted by the power (which was pretty close to absolute) they had in their organization.

As every individual and every organization wants to expand its power, it is no surprise that the Church leaders wanted a secular (i.e. government) power as well – the power over not only the hearts, minds and souls, but over bodies – and wallets – of the population. Top to bottom – from the lowliest peasant to the King.

Hence, it is also no surprise at all that the Church first made the State (i.e., the Roman Empire) to make Christianity an official religion (that was accomplished by the end of the 4th century AD) – which gave the former a pretty serious power over the government.

And then used the secular power to (1) annihilate all other religions – Christianity is the most intolerant faith by far; (2) convert all – or practically all – population to Christianity; and (3) exterminate all dissenters (“heretics”) in the Church, making sure that only the official version of Christianity is preached, taught and followed – everywhere.

However, the government (and the secular elites) – as well as a not insignificant percentage of the population – were not exactly happy with these developments (and outcomes). So almost from the very beginning they began to fight back (consequently, in reality the Kulturkampf had been going on for a millennia and a half).

Kulturkampf

Kulturkampf

These days, Kulturkampf is usually used in a broad, general sense, denoting a struggle (even a war) between different cultures (liberal vs conservative, city vs rural, religious vs secular, etc.).

Originally, it had a much more narrow and specific meaning. It was coined in mid-1870s by one Rudolf Ludwig Carl Virchow – a highly colorful character (to put it mildly) even by the standards of the Second Reich.

The scope of his interests, occupations, projects and achievements was imply astounding – physician, anthropologist, pathologist, prehistorian (he studied history that took place before written records), biologist, an extremely prolific writer (he published over 2,000 scientific papers – and that was way before the age of word processors), editor, and (of course) politician. He is known as “the father of modern pathology” and as the founder of social medicine, and to his colleagues, the “Pope of medicine” – a no small feat.

He co-founded the political party Deutsche Fortschrittspartei (German Progress Party – no surprise here), and was elected to the Prussian House of Representatives and won a seat in the Reichstag.

His opposition to Otto von Bismarck’s financial policy resulted in an anecdotal “Great Sausage Duel” in 1865 – an event that definitely deserves at least a chapter of some book – if not the whole book.

However, Rudolf Virchow did support the “Iron Chancellor” in the latter’s attempts to (radically) reduce the political and social influence of the Catholic Church, in Germany.

Virchow solemnly stated that the movement initiated by Bismarck was acquiring “the character of a great struggle in the interest of humanity“. During the 1973 discussion in the Reichstag of (in)famous anti-Catholic “Falk Laws” (named after their author, the minister of education Adalbert Falk) he labeled this struggle Kulturkampf.

Hence, originally this term referred to the conflict between the German imperial government and the Roman Catholic Church from about 1872 to 1878, predominantly over the control of educational and ecclesiastical appointments (and more broadly, over secularization policies vigorously pursued by the government of the Second Reich). What made the Kulturkampf unique in Germany compared to struggles between state and Church in other states was its fundamental anti-Polish aspect.

It is well-known fact that Adolf Hitler admired Otto von Bismarck. But it was much more than admiration. Hitler considered his Third Reich to be a direct successor of the Second German Empire established by Bismarck.

Consequently, he fully intended to “finish what Otto von Bismarck had started”, including his war (let’s call a spade a spade) on the Holy Roman Catholic Church over the spiritual and ideological control over Germany.

Hitler was also committed to crushing the Polish Church that he (correctly) viewed as the bulwark of Polish nationalism (and thus of the struggle of the Poles for the independence of their nation).

The Most Important Question of All

Guido-Reni-St-Michael-Archangel

For a genuine Christian (including myself), Hitler’s relationship with religions (first and foremost, with Christianity and the Christian Church) is the most important question of all. Much, much more important than his character, his wars, his achievements, his failures, his wars and even his crimes (however horrendous his crimes were).

Why? Because every genuine Christian firmly believes (as this dogma is at the very core of a Christian faith) that our civilization is a battlefield. The battlefield, the prize and the participant in a cosmic battle between God and Devil, angels and demons, the Forces of Light and the Forces of Darkness.

Both side wants to establish complete control over our highly imperfect world. God wants to transform the Earth into a perfect Kingdom of Heaven (more precisely, its physical incarnation so that all inhabitants of our planet can live in perfect and eternal happiness. Satan wants to make our world Hell on Earth (literally) where all inhabitants would live in eternal and unspeakable pain and suffering.

The Christian Church (first and foremost, the Holy Roman Catholic Church) is God’s primary weapon in this cosmic and very much existential war (that’s the reason it is called the Church Militant).

Consequently, it is no surprise that the Devil wants to destroy (annihilate, actually) the Christian Church (again, first and foremost, the Catholic Church) and replace it with demonic, diabolical religions, quasi-religions or ideologies.

Hence, it is of utmost importance whose side Adolf Hitler (or any other political leader for that matter) was on. Was he on the side of Christianity or (explicitly or implicitly) anti-Christian religions; on the side of the Christian Church or on the side of (explicitly or implicitly) anti-Christian churches; did he fight (explicitly or implicitly) for or against Christianity and the Christian Church; for or against the Christian God?

Joseph Stalin and other Communist leaders (domestic and foreign) wanted to eradicate, obliterate, annihilate the Christian Churches. Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox – all of them. Consequently, they, their followers and their whole regimes were obviously the agents of Satan.

Adolf Hitler and the Nazis were fighting (on the Eastern front) an existential war with Bolshevism and the Communist Soviet Union. True, their fundamental objective had nothing to do with aby religion or ideology – it was Lebensraum (“living space for Germans”) in the East; however, they were committed to defeating and eradicating Bolshevism.

Thus, the Nazis were implicitly fighting to defend the Christian Churches (all of them) from being annihilated by the agents of Satan and thus to prevent Devil and his henchmen from destroying the Christian civilization (and the whole human civilization as we know it) and transforming our world into a very literal Hell on Earth.

Which explains why the overwhelming majority of Christians in Greater Germany, other Axis powers and even the Holy See supported the Nazi regime in general and in their existential war with Bolshevism in particular.

However, this “medicine” was not without its problems as national-socialist ideology (let alone Himmler’s neo-pagan quasi-religion) were not exactly compatible with Christianity.

Hence, in this chapter, I will present a thorough analysis of Hitler’s spirituality and religious beliefs (which defined his relationships with Christianity and other religions) and his religion-related policies, decisions and actions (primarily towards Christianity, of course).

Although Adolf Hitler was no occultist (he was a mystic, which is a different thing entirely), the issue of “Nazi occultism” aroused (and, alas, continue to arose) such a tremendous interest worldwide, that I simply have to devote the whole section to Hitler’s attitude, policies, decisions and actions towards the occult.

However, I will begin with something that made a profound impact on relationship between German government (and the whole German society) and the Christian Church. Impact so profound that it significantly influenced Adolf Hitler – and his subsequent religion-related policies, decisions and actions.

That “something” was Kulturkampf.

 

Bernhard Stempfle and Hitler’s Anti-Semitism (2)

Bernhard Stempfle - 2Members of this group (which never had a formal name although they might have considered Saint Michael the Archangel to be their patron saint) sincerely believed that by rejecting Jesus Christ (i.e. by refusing to recognize Him as their Messiah and the Son of God – God Incarnate), the Jews automatically severed their spiritual connection with God the Father. And established another connection – with His Adversity. With the Devil.

And not only ceased to be His Chosen People but (without realizing that) became to worship and serve the Devil. In other words, while they still believed that they were worshipping and serving God; in reality they became the servants (slaves even) of Satan.

Who took control of their channel into the spiritual world and began to use the Jews (all Jews that explicitly or implicitly rejected Christ that is) as his tools in his battle with God for control over the whole human world. Our world. The human civilization.

More specifically, he wanted to use this tool (i.e. the Jewish people or the “Jewish race” if you will) to conquer the whole human world and to transform it into the Hell on Earth. Literally. Thus making Jews, indeed, an existential threat to Christian Church, Christianity and the whole human civilization.

But to make it happen, he had to first destroy, eradicate, annihilate the Christian Church. First and foremost, obviously, the Holy Roman Catholic Church (as fundamentalist Catholics, members of this group regarded all other Christian denominations as either schismatics or heretics – or both).

First, he tried to kill the Church “in the cradle” (it is an established historical fact that many of the initial persecutions of Christians were conducted by the Jews – the story of St. Paul the Apostle is a perfect evidence of that).

When it failed, he used the Jews to weaken, subvert and undermine the Catholic Church (by assisting Muslims in religious wars, supporting schisms and heresies, instigating attacks on the Church by secular authorities, promoting atheism, agnosticism, paganism, occultism and other essentially anti-Christian religious practices, destroying the Christian morals and ethics via decadent, depraved and degenerate art, books, media publications, etc.).

And thus creating ideal conditions for the decisive final blow. Which was supposed to be delivered by the “Red Leviathan” – the Bolshevist Soviet Union created by a fusion of Marxism and the Russian Orthodox (and thus schismatic and even heretical) “Third Rome” – style Messianism.

Created by two full-blooded Jews (Marx and Trotsky) and one individual who also had Jewish blood in him – Vladimir Lenin. Assisted by many other Jews – Kamenev, Zinoviev, Sverdlov, etc., etc.

And spiritually supported by a very powerful “Jewish egregor” – the “collective soul” of the Jewish people (“Jewish race” if you will). Very powerful due to them being initially the Chosen People – chosen by God that is.

Consequently, members of this group sincerely believed that to win the inevitable existential war with the Bolshevist Soviet Union, one (i.e. the future Nazi Germany)  must radically weaken (and ideally eliminate altogether) the Jewish egregor thus robbing the Bolsheviks of the vital spiritual support (i.e. of the energies that they need to win this war).

And to achieve this objective, it was necessary to (a) destroy the Jewish infrastructure – burn the synagogues, close religious schools, shut down Jewish organizations, etc.; and (2) physically exterminate as many Jews as possible. Ideally, all Jews, making the whole human civilization Judenrein – “clean of Jews”.

Proponents of this conspiracy theory claim that members of this group managed to achieve key vital (for them) objectives. First, they convinced Adolf Hitler of its validity and thus of the necessity of the final (and murderous) solution of the “Jewish question”.

If this theory is correct, it means that Adolf Hitler (and thus all key Nazi Leaders) from the very beginning intended to perpetrate the Holocaust (i.e. to exterminate all Jews in German-controlled territories) and were only waiting for the right moment. Which was presented to them by the outbreak of the genuinely existential war with the Bolshevist Soviet Union.

Second, they managed to convince Pope Pius XII that the Holocaust was necessary to save the Catholic Church, the Christian civilization from annihilation and the whole human civilization from being transformed into a genuine Hell on Earth. And that he should not intervene – but instead let the SS do its job.

Third, they brokered a meeting between the Pope and RSHA chief Reinhard Heydrich who (incognito, of course) sometime in September of 1941 flew his Bf-109E7 from Berlin to Rome (he was an excellent pilot and external tanks provided enough fuel for a non-stop flight).

At that meeting, Pope agreed to remain strictly neutral (basically ignoring the mass murder of Jews – in many aspects the worst such crime in human history).

At the first glance, this theory seems plausible; however, I think that it is pure fiction. First, there is no evidence whatsoever that any such group (even informal) ever existed in the Roman Curia (or even in Rome, or anywhere in the Catholic Church).

Second, Adolf Hitler never mentioned Judaism (Jewish religion developed after their rejection of Christ) as the reason for anti-Semitism. In fact, h3e always stated that Jewish religion had nothing to do with the “Jewish threat”. Only the “Jewish race” did.

Third, all evidence accumulated during the investigation of the Holocaust (it was a horrendous mass murder, but still a crime that must be properly investigated) points to a conclusion that prior to the invasion of the Soviet Union in June of 1941 Adolf Hitler had no intention of physically exterminating the Jews – forced emigration and deportation were the only tools being seriously considered.

The decision to commence the Holocaust was made only after the beginning of an all-out “hot” war with the Soviet Union – the war that Hitler perceived to be an existential war with “Judeo-Bolshevism” (and thus with the “Jewish race”).

There is no evidence that the meeting between Reinhard Heydrich and Pope Pius XII ever took place. And the whole idea that after rejecting Christ the Jews automatically became the “slaves of the Devil” is not theologically sound either. And thus is accepted only by a very small number of radical Catholics.

 

Bernhard Stempfle and Hitler’s Anti-Semitism (1)

StempfleThere is a theory (a conspiracy theory, actually) that there was another “layer of snow” that contributed significantly to the development of Hitler’s murderous anti-Semitism. And thus to the “Holocaust Avalanche” mercilessly unleashed by the Führer in the summer of 1941.

This layer (of a religious nature) was provided by a very charismatic and very mysterious individual – a Catholic priest, a talented journalist and a rabid anti-Semite Father Bernhard Stempfle.

Bernhard Stempfle was born in 1882 in a very catholic Munich (the capital of a very Catholic Bavaria). At the age of 22 he entered the Catholic priesthood and then joined an obscure Hieronymite order (the Order of the Poor Hermits of Saint Jerome) in Italy.

A very strange decision indeed, because the Hieronymites were a cloistered (“enclosed”) religious community which by definition had a solemn vows with a strict separation from the affairs of the external world.

They lived in a monastery according to the Rule of Saint Augustine (standard for cloistered Catholic orders), though the inspiration and model of their lives is the 5th-century hermit and biblical scholar Saint Jerome (who was the first to translate the Holy Bible into Latin). This translation (commonly known as Vulgate) is still the official Latin text of the Bible (i.e. authorized by the Holy Roman Catholic Church).

The Order of the Poor Hermits of Saint Jerome was founded near Toledo in Spain in the 14th century (it was officially recognized by Pope Gregory XI in 1373), but soon established a branch in Italy. And it was exactly that branch that young Stempfle entered.

For reasons that are still a mystery, because was anything but a hermit. Actually, he was quite the opposite as during the next few years he began essentially a full-time career of a journalist. He wrote for the Corriere della Sera (one of the leading Italian newspapers) and various other German and Italian publications.

Following the outbreak of the Great War, he returned to Munich (apparently leaving the order, but not the priesthood), performed pastoral work at the university, and established close contacts with Reform Catholic elements (i.e., elements that opposed political Catholicism, and politicians it regarded as too willing to make unacceptable compromises with the Jews and “atheistic” socialists).

In 1919, he first began publishing in Münchener Beobachter, where he wrote relentlessly on the destructive influence of Jewish atheism and on the moral acceptability and necessity of ruthless persecution of Jews, (including pogroms).

In his opinion, this was necessary to defend the Church Catholic faith and institutions of the Holy Roman Catholic Church from the “Jewish threat” (that existed only in his imagination) following examples provided throughout the centuries by anti-Semitic leaders within the hierarchy of the Church.

In 1918 Münchener Beobachter was acquired by the Thule Society and, in August 1919, was renamed Völkischer Beobachter. There were rumors that Father Stempfle joined the Thule Society; however, I find it highly unlikely, because being a Catholic anti-Semite is one thing and joining the occult (and thus fundamentally un-Christian) society is quite another.

In December of 1920, then heavily indebted newspaper was acquired by the NSDAP (with the funds provided by Reichswehr) and became the official newspaper of the Nazi Party. In 1921, Adolf Hitler, who had taken full control of the NSDAP earlier that year, acquired all shares in the company, making him the sole owner of the publication.

As Father Stempfle continued to write for the Völkischer Beobachter, this is how he most likely got acquainted with Adolf Hitler. He got attention of the latter because by that time Stempfle was already the prominent journalistic figure within the broader anti-Semitic movement in Catholic Bavaria.

So prominent, in fact that he was the target of Social Democratic satire and portrayed as the “anti-Semitic bishop” of the Bavarian city of Miesbach (he subsequently became the editor-in-chief of the anti-Semitic daily Miesbacher Anzeiger).

What “clicked” between him and Adolf Hitler, was a mystery – and will remain a mystery, because both took their common secret to their graves. But it did – and Father Stempfle became a regular confidant of Hitler and thus (most likely) become privy to some of deepest (and possibly darkest) secrets of the latter.

And, of course, a member of Hitler’s inner circle, joining Hitler “at his corner table at the Café Heck”, and advising him on religious (and possibly other) issues. Hitler trusted Stempfle so much that he employed him to proofread (and, if necessary, edit), his Manifesto – Mein Kampf.

Multiple eyewitnesses (and many historians) claim that Stempfle went much further than that and actually authored some of the passages (content) of the “Nazi Bible”. Most likely related to Catholicism and Christianity and General, but possibly a few of the anti-Semitic ones as well.

The conspiracy in question claims to explain what exactly “clicked” between Adolf Hitler and Father Stempfle. According to this theory, during his stay in Italy, the latter got the attention of and came in contact with an informal group of radical Catholic anti-Semites in the Vatican (Roman Curia, to be more precise). Murderously radical.

And subsequently became sort of an informal liaison between this group and Adolf Hitler.

 

Adolf Hitler from the Christian Perspective

AH14As I have already mentioned, I am Roman Catholic. And I have already confessed that I wrote this book first and foremost for myself. So I inevitably included into this chapter a section that analyzes Adolf Hitler, his personality, decisions and actions from a Christian perspective.

I am confident that this section will be useful not only for Christians (Catholics, Protestants, Orthodox, etc.) but for every reader regardless of his or her religious views. For a very simple reason – it will explain why so many Christians were so supportive of Nazi Germany and Adolf Hitler personally.

I am no theologian (Catholic or otherwise); however, I am familiar enough with Catholic teaching to be able to express my humble opinion about the Christian perspective on Adolf Hitler. It is – as just about anything in Adolf Hitler – decidedly “black and white”.

The “black” part is obvious. Adolf Hitler is guilty of mass murder and other horrible war crimes and crimes against humanity. Very probably, the worst crimes in human history. Which is a very heavy (and very deadly) sin. Murder and plunder – a blatant violation of two sacred God’s commandments.

To make things worse, he committed suicide – which is one more cardinal sin. He died by his own hand without confessing his horrendous sins and receiving the last rites. He lived in sin with Eva Braun for thirteen years although ultimately he did marry her.

On top of that, he was raised Catholic but essentially left the Church and de-facto became sort of polytheist, believing in three gods – Christian God (i.e. the Holy Trinity), Providence (sometimes he referred to it as Fate) and Nature – the latter being decidedly pagan.

On the other hand (the “white” part), Adolf Hitler and his Nazis saved the Christian Church (and thus the whole Christian Civilization) from the practically assured destruction by the Bolsheviks. And thus the whole human civilization to be transformed into Hell on Earth. Literally, because the annihilation of Christianity means exactly that.

It is quite obvious that for the Christian Church and for the Christian God the latter is far more important than the former. Consequently, from Christian perspective, Adolf Hitler (i.e. his decisions and actions) were “net positive”. Possibly even substantially so.