The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

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December 30th, 1922.  The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Soviet Union) is established in Moscow. (shoots

The Soviet Union (USSR) was essentially a Bolshevist (“Red”) reincarnation of the Russian Empire. A critically important reincarnation, actually because, unlike the original empire it had a decent shot at conquering the whole world.

For a very simple reason – the “Third Rome” concept that (implicitly more than explicitly) was the foundation of the Russian empire, was a religious (Orthodox Christian, to be more precise) idea.

And thus ill-suited for world domination and conquest. The Bolshevist idea was secular and universal in nature and thus capable of providing the ideological basis – and drive – for the abovementioned objective.

Consequently, the Soviet Union can be viewed as the logical end result of the evolution of the Russian Empire. Empire created with one objective in mind – invading, conquering and annexing the whole world into one global totalitarian Russian state.

There was another difference, however, between the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union. A crucial difference. The Soviet Union was officially called the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and thus contained no reference to Russia – its by far the largest component.

Officially this name was chosen to demonstrate the equality of all republics that constituted this (officially federal) state. But it was a lie, like just about all statements made by the Bolsheviks. In reality, the USSR was a highly centralized, authoritarian and totalitarian state – even more so than the original Russian Empire.

In reality, this name demonstrated that the objective of the USSR was the unlimited territorial expansion – until “the last republic” is accepted into this monstrosity. Obviously, it was “natural” to join the “officially egalitarian” union of Republics, while letting your state be annexed into a Greater Russia definitely was not.

The second item that proved beyond the reasonable doubt that the ultimate objective of the Bolshevik was the conquest of the whole world, was the USSR coat of arms.

The dominant position in this emblem was occupied by the Communist symbol (hammer and sickle) superimposed over the globe. It could be interpreted in only one reasonable way – that the Bolsheviks wanted to Bolshevize the whole world (much like the Russian emperors wanted to convert the whole world into the Russian Orthodox Christianity and Muslims wand to transform our world into a global Islamic Caliphate).

For Adolf Hitler, the Nazis and for everyone with brains “all of the above” was the undeniable proof that Bolshevism was a genuinely existential threat to Europe, the whole Western Civilization and for the whole humanity.

Unfortunately, not every political decision-maker in the West had brains (apparently). There was a sufficient number of “useful idiots” (incredibly useful, actually) who provided the Soviet Union and its leader – the “Red Tamerlane” Joseph Stalin – with all tools and technologies that the latter needed to create a military-industrial monster. A monster with the capacity to, indeed, conquer the whole world.

Only a genuine miracle (a perfect timing of a pre-emptive strike delivered by Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS) saved the Western Civilization from being destroyed by the Bolshevist hordes and from being transformed into a very literal Hell on Earth.

And it took almost half a century for the West to finally kill the Soviet monster – the Soviet Union ceased to exist only on December 26th, 1991.

 

The Miracle on the Vistula

20200306_211054000_iOSAugust 15th, 1920.  The Miracle on the Vistula saves the Western Civilization from the Bolshevist hordes.  Although the Soviet Western Offensive of 1918-19 resulted in a general failure, it did not deter Lenin and his co-conspirators (the attempt to conquer the whole world was undoubtedly the crime of the century) from making another attempt to “ignite the World Revolution”. In other words, to invade, conquer and Bolshevize Poland, Germany and other European countries.

Even the indisputable fact that the Soviet Russia was still fighting a very bloody and genuinely existential Civil War did not prevent the Bolsheviks from launching an all-out attack on Poland with the ultimate objective of capturing Warsaw, then Berlin and then all other European capitals.

Which proves beyond the reasonable doubt that from the very beginning the Bolsheviks viewed Russia only as a tool to be used to conquer and destroy the whole human civilization and transform it into a one global totalitarian Communist state.

Poland had its own very much imperialist goals; consequently, the Soviet-Polish war of 1919-20 was essentially the war between two empires – the newly restored small “Polish Empire” and a gargantuan “Red Russian Empire” (the Bolshevist project of conquering the whole world was but a reincarnation of the Russian Imperial “Third Rome” project).

So on April 24th, 1920 the Polish Army unleashed its main strategic offensive tellingly dubbed “Operation Kiev“. Its ultimate objective was to create an independent Ukraine (independent from the Soviet Russia that is) and make it part of Piłsudski’s Miedzymorze (Intermarium) Federation and an ally against the Bolsheviks.

Intermarium was a geopolitical project conceived by politicians in successor states of the former Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in several iterations, some of which anticipated the inclusion as well of other, neighboring states.

The proposed multinational entity would have extended across territories lying between the Baltic, Black and Adriatic Seas, hence the Latinate name Intermarium, meaning “Between-Seas”.

Operation Kiev was a disastrous failure. On June 3rd, the Soviet forces launched a highly successful counterattack, forcing the Polish army to retreat westward in disarray. The Polish forces seemed on the verge of disintegration and thus a decisive Soviet victory seemed to be a foregone conclusion.

It was not to be. Ironically, the Soviet offensive met just about the same fate as the previous Polish one – albeit with far more catastrophic consequences. On August 16, Polish forces led by commander-in-chief Józef Piłsudski counterattacked from the south, disrupting the enemy’s offensive, forcing the Russian forces into a disorganized withdrawal eastward and behind the Neman River.

Western historians consider this victory (aptly labeled the “Miracle on Vistula”) one of the most important battles in the history of the Western civilization – and in the whole human history.

The Polish Army (and its commander – the Chief of Polish State Józef Piłsudski) very literally saved Europe from being conquered and destroyed by the Bolsheviks. The Soviet victory would have inevitably led to the creation of a pro-Soviet Communist Poland, and put the Red Army directly on the eastern border of Germany.

Which at the time, thanks to the moronic decisions of the Allied leaders in Versailles a year earlier was no totally defenseless against the mighty Soviets and where there was considerable support for the Soviet invasion – and even for integration with the Soviet Russia.

Hence, the creation of the pro-Russian “German Soviet Federative Socialist Republic” would have been inevitable – with disastrous consequences for Europe and the whole Western civilization.

The Bolsheviks learned their lesson – they recognized that they did not have enough military might to win the “liberation” (essentially, a colonial) war with the “Western capitalists”.

So for the next twenty years they would be building – with the vitally important help of “useful idiots” from Britain, France, Germany, Italy, etc. – a monstrous military-industrial complex (by far the largest in human history). This monster was supposed to launch an all-out assault on Germany in Europe on Monday, June 23rd, 1941.

Fortunately for the whole human civilization, Adolf Hitler launched his own de-facto preventive strike a day earlier – on Sunday, June 22nd, 1941. Thus repeating what Józef Piłsudski did twenty years earlier – saved Germany, Europe and the whole Western Civilization from being destroyed by the Bolshevik hordes.

The Soviet Westward Offensive of 1918-1919

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November 18th, 1918. The Soviet Westward Offensive of 1918-1919 begins. In March of 1919, the Communist International (Comintern) – essentially, a powerful weapon created by the Russian Bolsheviks – officially proclaimed that it will use the military force to invade, occupy and destroy the human civilization as we know it and transform our world into a global Bolshevist totalitarian state.

However, it only made public what the Bolsheviks had been already doing – and not exactly in secret. By March of 1919, the “Soviet Westward Offensive” was under way for almost four months.

The official (i.e. publicly stated objective) of this offensive was to replace the withdrawing (according to the terms of the Armistice of 11/11/1918) German Imperial Army. And thus to re-take the lands lost by Russia in 1917 and as the result of the Brest-Litovsk Peace Treaty with the victorious Central Powers.

In reality, the Bolsheviks and their leader Vladimir Lenin had far more ambitious objectives. They wanted not only to restore the Russian Empire (transformed into the Soviet Russia, of course), but also to occupy the whole newly-minted independent Poland (making it a Soviet Poland) and then to invade and occupy now all but defenseless Germany.

And thus to “repeat the Russian experience” – by transforming the liberal-democratic November Revolution in Germany into the Bolshevist Revolution. With the ultimate objective of establishing the “German Soviet Federative Socialist Republic” (GSFSR) or something of that nature. Lenin and his co-conspirators planned to make the GSFSR the springboard, the staging ground, the trigger for the “World Revolution” (i.e. the global Bolshevist uprising).

However, this offensive was only moderately successful (to put it mildly) even in its intermediate objectives. And in its attempts to occupy Poland and (especially) Germany it was a total and miserable failure.

The initially successful offensive against the Republic of Estonia ignited the Estonian War of Independence which ended with the Soviet recognition of Estonia. The war against Republics of Latvia and Lithuania was (initially) more successful for the Soviets, and resulted in the Latvian Socialist Soviet Republic and Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republics being established.

However, a few years later the Soviet Russia had to recognize the independence of Latvia and Lithuania as well (they were occupied and annexed into the Soviet Union only in 1940 – twenty years later). Ukraine was split between the Soviet Russia and Poland and so was Belarus.

On its southern flank the offensive had two strategic objectives – (1) take back Bessarabia, a former Russian province that united with neighboring Romania after two months of independence as the Moldavian Democratic Republic; and (2) support the Hungarian Soviet Republic which at that time was also at war with Romania. Both attempts resulted in a spectacular failure.

The Soviet Western Offensive (and the Russian Civil War which was raging at the same time) predictably created a wave of political and cultural refugees. Thousands of these refugees ended up in Berlin which became the second most important home (in terms of numbers) for Russian refugees after Prague.

Some of these refugees (mostly those with German roots) created Aufbau Vereinigung – an anti-Bolshevist organization which was instrumental in making Adolf Hitler acutely aware of the Bolshevist existential threat to Germany, Europe and the whole Western Civilization.

One of its leaders – Alfred Rosenberg – subsequently became the member of the Thule Society, a close associate of Adolf Hitler and one of the leaders of the Third Reich.

 

The Bremen Soviet Republic

324px-Eine_Regierungsschutztruppe_für_Bremen_-_Plakat_1919January 10th, 1919. The Bremen Soviet Republic is proclaimed. Although officially this short-lived Bolshevist state was, indeed, established on January 10th, 1919, for all practical purposes it was founded two months earlier – even before the collapse of Imperial Germany (the Second Reich) and the proclamation of Weimar Republic.

On November 6th, 1919, the radical labor activists (by the end of the Great War radical lefties enjoyed significant support in Bremen due to high employment levels in heavy industry), formed the Workers’ Council.

The Council was predictably dominated by members and sympathizers of the Spartacus League – the predecessor of the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) – it was renamed that way less than two months later.

On January 10th, the Worker’s Council declared the establishment of the Bremen Soviet Republic and renamed itself the Soviet of People’s Representatives (following the Russian blueprint). Its leaders were mostly Leninists which for all practical purposes made them the “fifth column” of the Russian Bolshevists in the city (and thus in Germany).

The leader of the Soviet was one Johann Knief – a teacher by profession and a hard-left politician by “calling”. Although he was not Jewish, but a full-blooded German, he was a close associate of Karl Radek (born Karol Sobelsohn), a prominent Jewish Bolshevist activist and functionary.

Which gave the German anti-Semites (and subsequently the Nazis) the reason to (incorrectly) state that the BrSR, like all other Communist coups, uprisings and short-lived states were important components of a “global Jewish conspiracy” which represented an existential threat to Germany, Europe and the whole Western civilization.

Under his leadership, the Bremen left-wing radicals formed the Internationale Kommunisten Deutschlands (IKD) – a small Communist party which subsequently merged with the Spartacists into KPD.

The ultimate objective of IKD (as well as of the Bremen Soviet and the whole BrSR) was to nationalize the city economy and to establish the “dictatorship of the proletariat” (i.e. of the Communist party) first in the city and subsequently in the whole Germany, Europe, etc.

The Weimar Government had no desire to let it happen, fearing the “domino effect” throughout the whole Germany. After successfully crushing the “Spartacist Uprising” in Berlin a month earlier, in the first days of February the federal government (actually, the German President Friedrich Ebert) sent the Freikorps to Bremen to do what they had successfully accomplished in the German capital.

Which they did – at a cost of about 80 Communists killed in action or executed without a trial (the latter included just about all BrSR leaders). The city of Bremen fell on February 4th with its city-harbor (Bremerhaven) holding out until it was finally captured and secured by federal government forces on February 9th.

Brussels Soldiers’ Council

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November 10th, 1918. Brussels Soldiers’ Council is established. Inspired by the successful naval mutiny in Kiel which triggered a successful November Revolution in their native Germany, the soldiers and some NCOs of German occupation forces in Belgium started their own mutiny.

Following the example of their comrades-in-arms in Germany, they intended to create an alliance with Belgian civilians (socialists and other lefties) and establish a Communist republic (i.e. “dictatorship of the proletariat”) in Belgium.

They met sufficient opposition (for a few days there were brief skirmishes with the right-wing militia – the Belgian version of Freikorps) to abandon this idea, so the council disbanded and the final German troops left Brussels on November 16th – as stipulated by the terms of the Armistice signed just five days earlier.

About a week later – on November 22nd, the Belgian Army under King Albert I finally entered the city and restored the Belgian law and order.

Unfortunately, one of the leaders of the Council was one Carl Einstein (no relation to the famous physicist Albert Einstein). Carl Einstein was an influential German writer, art historian, politician, critic… and a Jew.

Which for the German anti-Semites (and subsequently to the Nazis) became one more “proof” that all Communist coups, uprisings and organizations were components of the “global Jewish conspiracy” aimed at creating a worldwide Jewish-Bolshevist state. Which in reality was (obviously) not the case at all.

 

The Ruhr Uprising

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March 13th, 1920.  The Ruhr Uprising begins. The Ruhr Uprising of March – April 1920 proved beyond the reasonable doubt that the Left (KPD and their political allies) we no friends of the liberal-democratic Weimar Republic.

And that they crushed the Kapp Putsch (by organizing the general strike) not because the loved the German Republic (in reality, it hated its guts) but only because they hated the Right even more.

The Ruhr Uprising proved beyond the reasonable doubt one more fact: that the Left would seize any and every opportunity to bring down the Weimar Republic and to replace it with the Bolshevist dictatorship. Using brutal armed force if and when necessary. Which made them a genuinely existential threat to Germany.

The Left claimed that they initiated the uprising only to support the general strike called for by the SPD of the German government, the unions and other parties – and thus only to crush the right-wing Kapp Putsch and to save the Weimar Republic from being destroyed by the putschists.

However, it was only a cover, a ruse, a smokescreen for their real objective – to establish the “dictatorship of the proletariat” (i.e. of the German Communists). In fact, the blueprint for such an uprising in the event of a general strike (initiated for any reason) had been developed long before the Kapp Putsch.

The German republican government had no desire to see the repeat of the bloody experience of Bavarian Soviet Republic (or the Berlin March Battles for that matter) so it promptly brought in a combined force of Reichswehr and (predictably) Freikorps.

They were severely outnumbered – the government force of about 10,000 faced the 50,000-strong “Red Ruhr Army” (according to other estimates, it numbered over 80,000 with over Ruhr 300,000 workers supporting it).

However, the Reichswehr and Freikorps has a far superior equipment, organization training (and probably motivation as well). Which ultimately made all the difference – by April 12th, the uprising was brutally suppressed.

This time, none of the leaders of the Communist uprising was Jewish (all were full-bloodied Germans). However, this irrefutable fact did not change the deep-seeded belief of the Nazis that all Communist coups and uprisings were components of one gigantic “global Jewish conspiracy”.