December 30th, 1918. The Communist Party of Germany (KPD) is founded in Berlin. This event scared Adolf Hitler – and all sincere patriots of Germany to no end. And for several very good reasons.
First, the party was founded by Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg, who strongly opposed German entry into the Great War and thus were considered traitors and criminals who were committing innumerable acts of high treason (which was very probably the case).
This “merry couple” and their followers were committed to making a Russian-style Bolshevist revolution in Germany which for all practical purposes meant the destruction of Germany as we know it and the establishment of the (quite infernal) Bolshevist totalitarian dictatorship according to the blueprint provided by the “Soviet government” in now-Soviet (i.e. Bolshevist) Russia.
On top of that, Rosa Luxemburg was Jewish (even worse – Polish-Jewish), which further reinforced Hitler’s (incorrect) belief that all Communist organizations and activities were important components of a “global Jewish conspiracy” aimed at the destruction of the Western Civilization as they knew it and the establishment of the global totalitarian Jewish state.
Which was a total bunk, of course; however, the Communist plans to seize power in Germany were not – as only days after its establishment, KPD attempted to achieve exactly that.
January 5th, 1919. The Spartacist Uprising in Berlin. The Spartacist Uprising (Spartakusaufstand), also known as the January Uprising (Januaraufstand), was a general strike (and the armed battles accompanying it) in Berlin that took place from 5th to 12th of January 1919.
It got its name from the group that organized the revolt – the Spartacus League (Spartakusbund). Spartakusbund was the predecessor of the German Communist Party (KPD). Founded on August 4th, 1919, it was a German Communist Party in everything but the name. Consequently, the Spartacist Uprising was a Communist coup – cut and dry, plain and simple, loud and clear
The Spartacist Uprising was inspired by an earlier bloody clash – the so-called “Christmas Crisis” of 1918 (also called the Skirmish of the Berlin Schloss). It was, indeed, a small (albeit very bloody) skirmish between the “socialist revolutionary” Volksmarinedivision and “reactionary” units of the Reichswehr (regular German army) on December 24th, 1918.
The skirmish resulted in 34 dead and 58 wounded (which made it very bloody indeed) but resulted in a draw of sorts. Which apparently made the left-wing radicals (who in a few days proclaimed themselves Communists) believe that with a little more determination and perseverance they will gain the upper hand – and seize power in Germany.
However, the beginning of the Spartacist uprising was rather peaceful – but still very impressive (and even menacing). On January 4th, 1919 the Prussian government replaced the Police Chief of Berlin, Emil Eichhorn, who was a member of the USPD (Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany the leftist offspring of Social Democrats) who had refused to act against the demonstrating workers during the “Christmas Crisis”, by a moderate Social Democrat Eugen Ernst.
Which made perfect sense as Einhorn (1) bore the primary responsibility for casualties of the “Christmas Crisis” – had he intervened the whole skirmish most likely would not have happened at all; and (2) he worked for the Russian Telegraph Agency in Berlin and thus was the agent of the foreign power.
Which was not exactly compatible with the position of the Police Chief (especially given the fact that the power in question officially wanted to overthrow every European government).
The USPD, the Revolutionary Stewards and KPD) called for a demonstration on the following day. Which – to an immense surprise of “all of the above” turned into a huge, mass rally which attracted the support of other left-wing organization. On Sunday (January 5th) hundreds of thousands of people poured into the center of Berlin, many of them armed.
The situation quickly became very similar to the one on November 9th, 1918 which resulted in the “radical reengineering” of the German political and government system. Which for all practical purposes created a very real opportunity for KPD and other leftists to seize power in Germany – in about the same way the Bolsheviks came to power in Russia a little more than a year before.
Fortunately for Germany, Europe and very possibly the whole world, leaders of “all of the above” were totally unprepared for this “stroke of luck” and literally had no clue what to do.
Unlike their Russian predecessors, the German lefties (fortunately) turned out to be totally incompetent putschists. And Karl Liebknecht (fortunately again) was no Leon Trotsky.
Consequently, although he forcefully demanded the overthrow of the republican government and the establishment of a Communist dictatorship, he failed to convince even Rosa Luxemburg – his closest comrade (let alone other leaders of KPD and other organizations).
Instead, a 53-member “Interim Revolutionary Committee” (another colossal blunder – a group of that size was totally unmanageable) called for a general strike in Berlin on January 7th. Which was highly successful as over half a million of workers took part.
The strike was quickly transformed into a huge rally with over 500,000 men filling into downtown Berlin. Some “Red hotheads” responded to Liebknecht’s call to oust the more moderate social democrat government and launch a communist revolution and began to arm themselves (at that time getting a weapon in Berlin was as easy as a hot dog), storm and occupy the government buildings, creating the standoff with the city police.
Following the example of their Russian comrades and predecessors, KPD leaders tried to persuade military regiments in Berlin, especially the People’s Navy Division, the Volksmarinedivision, to join their side, however they mostly failed in this endeavor.
The navy unit (remembering the heavy casualties sustained during the skirmish two weeks earlier) was not willing to “repeat the experience” and so declared themselves neutral, and the other regiments stationed in Berlin remained either neutral or loyal to the government.
Failure to obtain support from the military left the insurgents with only one options – negotiate their way out of the mess they got themselves into. However, German President Friedrich Ebert had no desire to do so. Instead, he ordered his ordered his defense minister, Gustav Noske, to ruthlessly crush the rebellion. In response, the Spartacist League then called on its members to attack the government forces.
Which was not a smart thing to do because the former were severely outnumbered and outgunned by the latter. 3,000 Freikorps soldiers attacked the Spartacists quickly re-conquered the blocked streets and buildings.
Most of the insurgents were smart enough to more or less peacefully surrender, but between 156 and 196 leftists and 17 Freikorps soldiers died during the fighting, giving a predictable 10:1 casualties ratio.
To avoid arrest and trial for high treason (with a possibility of long prison sentences), Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht went into hiding. However, their enemies were too scared by the uprising to let them go – hence a massive manhunt (and womanhunt) was initiated.
A week later, both leaders of the miserably failed putsch were discovered in a Berlin-Wilmersdorf apartment by a citizen militia, arrested and brought over by car to the headquarters of the largest Freikorps unit, the heavily armed Garde-Kavallerie-Schützen-Division, at the Eden-Hotel. The division’s first staff officer, Major Waldemar Pabst, had them questioned… and then ordered a summary execution. Which was unnecessarily brutal – both were beaten unconscious and then shot in the head point-blank.
The Spartacist Uprising was not an isolated event – similar uprisings occurred at about the same time and were suppressed in Bremen, the Ruhr, Rhineland, Saxony, Hamburg, Thuringia and Bavaria, and a round of bloodier street battles occurred in Berlin in March of 1919.
All of the above failed – and were ruthlessly crushed by the forces loyal to the Republican government. However, these events taught Adolf Hitler three key lessons.
First, KPD and other Reds were, indeed, an existential threat to Germany – and thus must be treated as such. Which in practice meant that all their activities must be ruthlessly suppressed and their leaders neutralized (at least imprisoned and – if necessary – physically liquidated).
And that’s exactly what Adolf Hitler will do when he comes to power 14 years later. Unfortunately, the fact that Rosa Luxemburg was Jewish strengthened his (totally incorrect) belief that Jews, indeed, were the existential threat to Germany, Europe and the whole Western Civilization.
And thus must be ruthlessly exterminated – to the very last man, woman and child. Which almost happened, beginning in late June of 1941.
January 5th, 1919. The German Workers’ Party (DAP) is founded in Munich. IMHO, it is not a coincidence at all that the Thule Society (which in this case acted on God’s behalf) founded a political party a week after the founding of the German Communist Party and on the first day of the armed uprising organized by the latter.
You can only beat an ideology with an ideology, a party with a party and a system with a system – hence the need for “all of the above” to save Germany, Europe, the Western Civilization and the whole human civilization from being destroyed by the “Red Plague”.
Eight months later the DAP will be essentially served on a plate to Adolf Hitler (who after Thule-engineered transfiguration became a political genius and the most successful political entrepreneur in modern history).
And did the job he was transfigured to do – used the DAP (which he renamed NSDAP) to save Germany, Europe, the Western Civilization and the whole human civilization from being destroyed by the Bolsheviks.