Aktion T4 – Timeline

Date

Event
1920

Psychiatrist  Alfred Hoche and jurist Karl Binding publish a book “Allowing the destruction of life unworthy of living

01/30/1933

Adolf Hitler becomes Reich Chancellor of Germany

03/23/1933

German Parliament passes the Enabling Act, giving Hitler the power to enact laws without the involvement of the Reichstag

07/14/1933

Hitler’s Cabinet passes the “Law for the Prevention of Offspring with Hereditary Diseases” mandating the forced sterilization of for people with certain diseases thought to be hereditary

06/30/1934

Hitler and his associates commit their first mass murder

08/19/1934

Adolf Hitler officially becomes Der Führer

1935

Hitler declares his intention to radically solve the problem of mentally sick in the event of a war

06/1939

Parents of Gerhard Kretschmar petition Hitler to euthanize their son and to make child euthanasia legal in Germany

07/25/1939

Gerhard Kretschmar is euthanized on Hitler’s orders

08/18/1939

Reich Committee for the Scientific Registering of Hereditary and Congenital Illnesses is established

08/18/1939

Reich Minister of the Interior requires reporting all children with specified disabilities to T4 authorities

09/01/1939

Nazi Germany invades Poland

09/1939

Einsatzgruppen start shooting mental patients in Poland

10/1939

Hitler authorizes Aktion T4 with a letter backdated to 09/01/39

10/1939

Mental patients from German hospitals sent to Poland and shot

10/1939 The first killing with carbon monoxide takes place in Poland
12/1939

The first euthanasia center set up in Brandenburg an der Havel

07/01/1940

The first killing facility for children is established

12/02/1941

Vatican issues decree condemning Aktion T4

02/1941

The first public protest against Aktion T4 takes place in Absberg

06-07/41

Bishop von Galen condemns Aktion T4 in his sermons

08/24/41

Adolf Hitler officially suspends Aktion T4

End of 1941

Aktion T4 personnel transferred to Operation Reinhard

05/29/41

Last involuntary euthanasia performed in Germany

 

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