The triumphant progress of technical science in Germany and the marvelous development of German industry and commerce led us to forget that a powerful State [of the Imperial Germany] had been the necessary prerequisite of that success.
The State is a community of living beings who have kindred physical and spiritual natures, organized for the purpose of ensuring the conservation of their own kind and fulfilling those ends which Providence has assigned to that particular race or racial branch.
Therein, and therein alone, lies the purpose and meaning of a State. Economic activity is one of the many auxiliary means which are necessary for the attainment of those aims. But economic activity is never the origin or purpose of a State.
The instinct for the preservation of one’s own species is the primary cause that leads to the formation of human communities. Hence, the State is a racial organism, not an economic organization.
[National, not racial – there is a big difference]
This instinct operates through the heroic virtues, for the conservation of the species always presupposes that the individual is ready to sacrifice himself for the survival of his race.
Hence it is that the most essential condition for the establishment and maintenance of a State is a certain feeling of solidarity, grounded in an identity of character and race and in a readiness to defend these at all costs. The material interests of mankind can prosper only in the shade of heroic virtues.
The frailest woman will become a heroine when the life of her own child is at stake, and only the will to save their race and native land or the State, which offers protection to their race, has, throughout the ages, been the urge which has forced men to face the weapons of their enemies.
People who do not display heroic virtues, fail in their struggle for existence, and are thereby condemned to disappear entirely sooner or later. This failure happens not so much due to lack of intellectual powers, but rather to a lack of courage and determination, which attempts to disguise itself as humane feeling.
Thus the qualities which are necessary for the foundation and preservation of a State have accordingly little or nothing to do with trade and industry. On the contrary, there are numerous examples to show that a period of economic prosperity indicates the approaching decline of a State.
As soon as economic interests begin to predominate over the racial and cultural instincts of a people or a State, these economic interests become the disintegrating cause that leads to subjugation and oppression [by their enemies].
Hence, the force necessary for the creation and preservation of a State, is ‘the capacity and readiness of the individual to sacrifice himself for the common welfare.’
This force must fight and defeat the destructive force; the force committed to the destruction of German State and German people – Marxism. More precisely, Marxist teaching [ideology], Marxist worldview and Marxist organized action throughout the German nation.
Marxism is the most important problem in Germany. Consequently, problem of how the future of the German nation can be secured is the problem of how Marxism can be exterminated.
[In other words, to secure the safe and prosperous future for Germany, Germans must fight and win the genuinely existential war with Marxism. In 1923, it was already very true, only the enemy was Bolshevism – the derivative of Marxism]
Obviously, to win this existential war, the nation must have a very powerful inner drive – at all times. Hence damping this drive is the most heinous act of treason. For when public enthusiasm is once damped, nothing can kindle it again when the necessity arises.
This enthusiasm is a [healthy] intoxication and must be kept up in that form – always. It is even a mistake not to have tried to raise the pitch of public enthusiasm still higher.
For without the support of this enthusiastic spirit, how would it be possible to endure in a struggle which, according to human standards, made overwhelming demands, on the spiritual stamina of the nation?
Unfortunately, preciously little was known in Germany about the Marxist plague. Very few understood that it was a doctrine that was developed for the express purpose of leading humanity to its destruction. This mighty revolutionary trend was simply ignored by those ‘intellectuals’ who did not deign to give it their attention.
Another vital truth that must be understood (as it is crucial for winning this existential war) is that ideals and ideologies, as well as movements grounded on a definite spiritual foundation, whether true or false, can never be broken by the use of force after a certain stage, except on one condition, namely, that this use of force is wielded in the service of a new ideal or Weltanschauung [worldview] which burns with a new flame.
The application of force alone, without moral support based on a spiritual concept, can never bring about the destruction of an ideal or arrest the propagation of it, unless one is ready and able ruthlessly to exterminate to a man the last upholders of that ideal, and also to wipe out any tradition which it may leave behind.
Every attempt to combat a Weltanschauung by means of force will turn out futile in the end, if the struggle fails to take the form of an offensive for the establishment of an entirely new spiritual order of things.
Every persecution, which has no spiritual motives to support it, is morally unjust and raises opposition among the best elements of the population, so much so, that these are driven more and more to champion the ideas that are unjustly persecuted. And thus the number of convinced adherents of the persecuted doctrine increases as the persecution progresses.
Consequently, every Weltanschauung, whether religious or political (and it is sometimes difficult to say where the one ends and the other begins) fights not so much for the negative destruction of the opposing ideology, as for the positive realization of its own ideology.
Hence it is only in the struggle between two Weltanschauungen that physical force, consistently and ruthlessly applied, will eventually turn the scales in its own favor.
[And that’s exactly how the Nazis defeated all its ideological opponents – Marxists, democrats, conservatives, etc.]
Therefore, to win the existential war with Marxism, it was absolutely vital to develop an alternative doctrine, more attractive to the working class. Doctrine that at that time (in 1914) simply did not exist. Not a single movement existed which promised any success in attracting vast numbers of workers and in holding these workers in its spell.
[This was exactly the drive that ultimately led Adolf Hitler to the development of Nazi ideology. Ideology that became more attractive to Germans than Marxism. And – combined with brutal physical force – ultimately led to Nazi victory and to extermination of Marxism in Germany].
The war with Marxism is genuinely existential. And when nations are fighting for their existence on this earth, when the question of ‘to be’ or ‘not to be’ has to be answered, then all humane and aesthetic considerations must be set aside, for these ideals do not exist of themselves somewhere in the air, they are the product of man’s creative imagination and will disappear when he disappears from the face of the earth.
Hence all such ideals are only of secondary importance when a nation is struggling for its very existence. They must be prevented from entering into the struggle the moment they threaten to weaken the stamina of the nation that is waging war.
Field Marshal Helmuth von Moltke [former Chief of the German General Staff] was absolutely right when he said that in time of war the essential thing is to get a decision as quickly as possible and that the most ruthless methods of fighting are, at the same time, the most humane.
Therefore, even the most cruel weapons were then the most humane, provided they helped towards a speedier decision; and only those methods are good and beautiful which help secure the dignity and freedom of the German nation.