Hungarian Soviet Republic (HSR) was in many ways similar to the Bavarian Soviet Republic. It was a short-lived (it lasted for only 133 days in March – July of 1919) successor to the Hungarian People’s Republic which came into existence after the Aster Revolution – the Hungarian version of November Revolution in Germany (it actually happened parallel to the former).
Though the de jure leader of the Hungarian Soviet Republic was president Sándor Garbai, the de facto power was in the hands of its foreign minister Béla Kun. Who was a Jew (of course) and an explicit puppet of Moscow. Actually, Hungarian Communist Party was formed not in Hungary, but in Moscow – on November 4th, 1918.
Hungarian Soviet Republic was directly governed from Moscow by Vladimir Lenin personally, who communicated his orders to Bela Kun via radiotelegraph. Bela Kun communicated Lenin’s orders to Garbai and Garbai – to the Soviet government in Budapest. That’s how things worked in Hungary at that time.
HSR was created after the bloodless coup d’état on March 23rd, 1919. It promptly nationalized private enterprises, and socialized housing, transport, banking, medicine, cultural institutions, and all landholdings of more than 40 hectares.
With predictable consequences – sky-high inflation and acute food shortages all over the country. Which proved once again that you can have either Communism or food – but not both.
Hungarian Communists were far more violent than German or Bavarian (but still not as violent as their Russian comrades). They established the genuine death squads (labeled “Lenin Boys”) who executed the “enemies of the revolution” without trial and terrorized the population (e.g disbanding religious ceremonies – not a good idea in a deeply Catholic country).
However, things got radically more violent after a failed coup by the Social Democrats on June 24th. Just like their Russian comrades a year ago, Hungarian Communists unleashed a tsunami of Red Terror on their political opponents, murdering around 600 “anti-communists” who were executed without trial.
Despite these horrors, a significant number of Hungarians supported them. Including Hungarian nationalists. The reason for this support was plain and simple – Communists promised to take back territories lost to other nations after the defeat of Austro-Hungarian Empire in the Great War.
Which meant war. To get these lands back, Hungary had to fight (and win) not one, but two wars – with the newly-minted Czechoslovak state and with the state of Romania.
HSR leaders asked their Russian masters for the military support in these endeavors but their plea was rejected. Russian Communists themselves were fighting a bitter civil war and simply had no troops to spare.
The Hungarian government was thus left on its own, and a Red Guard was established under the command of Mátyás Rákosi – the future dictator of post-WW2 Hungary. And a Jew. Subsequently, the Red Guard was expanded into a full-fledged Red Army.
In June, this Red Army invaded the eastern part of Czechoslovakia state (today’s Slovakia), the former so-called “Upper Hungary”. Initially, it achieved impressive military successes ousting Czech troops from the north, and planned to march against the Romanian army in the east.
And then the Communists committed an incredible blunder that led to their rapid downfall. Despite promises for the restoration of the former borders of Hungary, the communists recognized Slovak Soviet Republic established in Prešov on June 16th, 1919.
This concession eroded support of the communist government among professional military officers and nationalists in the Hungarian Red Army; even the chief of the general staff Aurél Stromfeld, resigned his post in protest. Despite the abovementioned military successes, the Red Army started to disintegrate.
Which led to inevitable defeat on the battlefield and a humiliating withdrawal from “Upper Hungary”. And, subsequently, to another inevitable defeat – on the Romanian front.
On July 30th, Romanian Army broke through weak Hungarian defenses and a week later it entered Budapest, meeting little (if any) resistance. On August 1st, Béla Kun, together with other high-ranking Communists, fled to Austria (he was subsequently arrested and executed by the Soviet NKVD during the Great Terror along with an unknown number of other Hungarian communist). The war was lost and the Hungarian Soviet republic was no more.
Acting on the orders of Gyula Károlyi, the prime minister of the counter-revolutionary government established on May 30th in Szeged, the newly created National Army (the Hungarian version of Freikorps) led by Admiral (no less) Miklós Horthy unleashed their own wave of White Terror against Communists, Social Democrats, other HSR supporters and, of course, Jews. This wave lasted for two years and claimed the lives of over 5,000 Hungarians.
And again, Adolf Hitler, given his by that time rock-solid beliefs, convictions, prejudices and misconceptions, could come only to the following four conclusions.
Yes, the Communists, if left unchecked, will seize power via the coup d’état. Yes, they will destroy everything they will be able to lay their red hands on – and unleash the Red Terror.
Yes, it was all a global conspiracy inspired and directed from Moscow. Yes, the Communists must be ruthlessly crushed with a brutal, overwhelming force. And yes, this was a part of a global Jewish conspiracy.
As before, Adolf Hitler was dead right on first four counts. And dead wrong on the last one.