In Vienna, Adolf Hitler spent slightly more than five years – from February 1908 to May 1913 when he received the final part of his father’s estate in May 1913. Which allowed him to move to Munich (and, therefore, to his beloved Germany).
These five years (between his 19th and 24th birthdays) turned out to be genuinely formative years of his life. They essentially made Adolf Hitler – an individual and a politician (the Great War years only added to that, but did not changed much). However, these years made him a latent politician – he became a real one only after the end of World War I – in 1919.
He later wrote in Mein Kampf:
“It was during this [Vienna] period that my eyes were opened to two perils, the names of which I scarcely knew hitherto and had no notion whatsoever of their terrible significance for the existence of the German people. These two perils were Marxism and Judaism.”
Actually, there were more than two perils and more than just eye-opening experiences. In fact, during these five years Adolf Hitler developed (albeit so far implicitly) his whole political creed that a decade later he made very much explicit in Mein Kampf.
His political creed essentially contained just six points
- German nation is under attack by the hostile nations (actually, thanks to Dr. Pötsch, by that time he was already thinking in terms of races, not nations – i.e. as a racist, not a Nazi). Years later, this belief will grow into the concept of an existential race war between the Aryan (superior) race and inferior races
- The most dangerous enemy of the German nation is the Jewish nation – the rich Jews who dominate and exploit the ordinary Germans and the poor Jews intent on destroying the existing order and replacing it with a Marxist dictatorship
- Germany and Austria must be united into the Greater Germany – the German Reich (this belief he has developed earlier – in Realschule)
- In this German Reich the German nation must again become a dominant nation – all other nations must become the servants of this master nation (as was the case for centuries in Austro-Hungarian Empire)
- The German Reich must become a socialist state where everyone will have decent quality of life and where the elites will serve the people – not the other way around (as was the case in the Austro-Hungarian empire)
- The parliamentary system is way too inefficient to achieve the abovementioned objectives. Consequently, the German Reich must be a Führerstaat – i.e. ruled by a ruthless and efficient dictatorship of the all-powerful Leader
Now let’s see how he developed this creed (i.e., arrived at these political conclusions).